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# This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
# License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
# file, You can obtain one at
import json
import socket
import sys
import time
from threading import RLock
import six
class SocketTimeout(object):
def __init__(self, socket_ctx, timeout):
self.socket_ctx = socket_ctx
self.timeout = timeout
self.old_timeout = None
def __enter__(self):
self.old_timeout = self.socket_ctx.socket_timeout
self.socket_ctx.socket_timeout = self.timeout
def __exit__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.socket_ctx.socket_timeout = self.old_timeout
class Message(object):
def __init__(self, msgid): = msgid
def __eq__(self, other):
return ==
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __hash__(self):
# pylint --py3k: W1641
return hash(
class Command(Message):
TYPE = 0
def __init__(self, msgid, name, params):
Message.__init__(self, msgid) = name
self.params = params
def __str__(self):
return "<Command id={0}, name={1}, params={2}>".format(,, self.params
def to_msg(self):
msg = [Command.TYPE,,, self.params]
return json.dumps(msg)
def from_msg(data):
assert data[0] == Command.TYPE
cmd = Command(data[1], data[2], data[3])
return cmd
class Response(Message):
TYPE = 1
def __init__(self, msgid, error, result):
Message.__init__(self, msgid)
self.error = error
self.result = result
def __str__(self):
return "<Response id={0}, error={1}, result={2}>".format(, self.error, self.result
def to_msg(self):
msg = [Response.TYPE,, self.error, self.result]
return json.dumps(msg)
def from_msg(data):
assert data[0] == Response.TYPE
return Response(data[1], data[2], data[3])
class SocketContext(object):
"""Object that guards access to a socket via a lock.
The socket must be accessed using this object as a context manager;
access to the socket outside of a context will bypass the lock."""
def __init__(self, host, port, timeout):
self.lock = RLock()
self._sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
self._sock.connect((host, port))
def socket_timeout(self):
return self._sock.gettimeout()
def socket_timeout(self, value):
def __enter__(self):
return self._sock
def __exit__(self, *args, **kwargs):
class TcpTransport(object):
"""Socket client that communciates with Marionette via TCP.
It speaks the protocol of the remote debugger in Gecko, in which
messages are always preceded by the message length and a colon, e.g.:
On top of this protocol it uses a Marionette message format, that
depending on the protocol level offered by the remote server, varies.
Supported protocol levels are `min_protocol_level` and above.
max_packet_length = 4096
min_protocol_level = 3
def __init__(self, host, port, socket_timeout=60.0):
"""If `socket_timeout` is `0` or `0.0`, non-blocking socket mode
will be used. Setting it to `1` or `None` disables timeouts on
socket operations altogether.
self._socket_context = None = host
self.port = port
self._socket_timeout = socket_timeout
self.protocol = self.min_protocol_level
self.application_type = None
self.last_id = 0
self.expected_response = None
def socket_timeout(self):
return self._socket_timeout
def socket_timeout(self, value):
self._socket_timeout = value
if self._socket_context is not None:
self._socket_context.socket_timeout = value
def _unmarshal(self, packet):
"""Convert data from bytes to a Message subtype
Message format is [type, msg_id, body1, body2], where body1 and body2 depend
on the message type.
:param packet: Bytes received over the wire representing a complete message.
msg = None
data = json.loads(packet)
msg_type = data[0]
if msg_type == Command.TYPE:
msg = Command.from_msg(data)
elif msg_type == Response.TYPE:
msg = Response.from_msg(data)
raise ValueError("Invalid message body {!r}".format(packet))
return msg
def receive(self, unmarshal=True):
"""Wait for the next complete response from the remote.
Packet format is length-prefixed JSON:
packet = digit+ ":" body
digit = "0"-"9"
body = JSON text
:param unmarshal: Default is to deserialise the packet and
return a ``Message`` type. Setting this to false will return
the raw packet.
# Initally we read 4 bytes. We don't support reading beyond the end of a message, and
# so assuming the JSON body has to be an array or object, the minimum possible message
# is 4 bytes: "2:{}". In practice the marionette format has some required fields so the
# message is longer, but 4 bytes allows reading messages with bodies up to 999 bytes in
# length in two reads, which is the common case.
with self._socket_context as sock:
recv_bytes = 4
length_prefix = b""
body_length = -1
body_received = 0
body_parts = []
now = time.time()
timeout_time = (
now + self.socket_timeout if self.socket_timeout is not None else None
while recv_bytes > 0:
if timeout_time is not None and time.time() > timeout_time:
raise socket.timeout(
"Connection timed out after {}s".format(self.socket_timeout)
chunk = sock.recv(recv_bytes)
except socket.timeout:
# Lets handle it with our own timeout check
if not chunk:
raise socket.error("No data received over socket")
body_part = None
if body_length > 0:
body_part = chunk
parts = chunk.split(b":", 1)
length_prefix += parts[0]
# With > 10 decimal digits we aren't going to have a 32 bit number
if len(length_prefix) > 10:
raise ValueError(
"Invalid message length: {!r}".format(length_prefix)
if len(parts) == 2:
# We found a : so we know the full length
err = None
body_length = int(length_prefix)
except ValueError:
err = "expected an integer"
if body_length <= 0:
err = "expected a positive integer"
elif body_length > 2**32 - 1:
err = "expected a 32 bit integer"
if err is not None:
raise ValueError(
"Invalid message length: {} got {!r}".format(
err, length_prefix
body_part = parts[1]
# If we didn't find a : yet we keep reading 4 bytes at a time until we do.
# We could increase this here to 7 bytes (since we can't have more than 10
# length bytes and a seperator byte), or just increase it to
# int(length_prefix) + 1 since that's the minimum total number of remaining
# bytes (if the : is in the next byte), but it's probably not worth optimising
# for large messages.
if body_part is not None:
body_received += len(body_part)
recv_bytes = body_length - body_received
body = b"".join(body_parts)
if unmarshal:
msg = self._unmarshal(body)
self.last_id =
# keep reading incoming responses until
# we receive the user's expected response
if isinstance(msg, Response) and msg != self.expected_response:
return self.receive(unmarshal)
return msg
return body
def connect(self):
"""Connect to the server and process the hello message we expect
to receive in response.
Returns a tuple of the protocol level and the application type.
self._socket_context = SocketContext(, self.port, self._socket_timeout
except Exception:
# Unset so that the next attempt to send will cause
# another connection attempt.
self._socket_context = None
with SocketTimeout(self._socket_context, 60.0):
# first packet is always a JSON Object
# which we can use to tell which protocol level we are at
raw = self.receive(unmarshal=False)
except socket.timeout:
exc_cls, exc, tb = sys.exc_info()
msg = "Connection attempt failed because no data has been received over the socket: {}"
six.reraise(exc_cls, exc_cls(msg.format(exc)), tb)
hello = json.loads(raw)
application_type = hello.get("applicationType")
protocol = hello.get("marionetteProtocol")
if application_type != "gecko":
raise ValueError(
"Application type '{}' is not supported".format(application_type)
if not isinstance(protocol, int) or protocol < self.min_protocol_level:
msg = "Earliest supported protocol level is '{}' but got '{}'"
raise ValueError(msg.format(self.min_protocol_level, protocol))
self.application_type = application_type
self.protocol = protocol
return (self.protocol, self.application_type)
def send(self, obj):
"""Send message to the remote server. Allowed input is a
``Message`` instance or a JSON serialisable object.
if not self._socket_context:
if isinstance(obj, Message):
data = obj.to_msg()
if isinstance(obj, Command):
self.expected_response = obj
data = json.dumps(obj)
data = six.ensure_binary(data)
payload = six.ensure_binary(str(len(data))) + b":" + data
with self._socket_context as sock:
totalsent = 0
while totalsent < len(payload):
sent = sock.send(payload[totalsent:])
if sent == 0:
raise IOError(
"Socket error after sending {0} of {1} bytes".format(
totalsent, len(payload)
totalsent += sent
def respond(self, obj):
"""Send a response to a command. This can be an arbitrary JSON
serialisable object or an ``Exception``.
res, err = None, None
if isinstance(obj, Exception):
err = obj
res = obj
msg = Response(self.last_id, err, res)
return self.receive()
def request(self, name, params):
"""Sends a message to the remote server and waits for a response
to come back.
self.last_id = self.last_id + 1
cmd = Command(self.last_id, name, params)
return self.receive()
def close(self):
"""Close the socket.
First forces the socket to not send data anymore, and then explicitly
close it to free up its resources.
if self._socket_context:
with self._socket_context as sock:
except IOError as exc:
# If the socket is already closed, don't care about:
# Errno 57: Socket not connected
# Errno 107: Transport endpoint is not connected
if exc.errno not in (57, 107):
if sock:
# Guard against unclean shutdown.
self._socket_context = None
def __del__(self):