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# This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
# License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
# file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/.
"""
This is a very primitive line based preprocessor, for times when using
a C preprocessor isn't an option.
It currently supports the following grammar for expressions, whitespace is
ignored:
expression :
and_cond ( '||' expression ) ? ;
and_cond:
test ( '&&' and_cond ) ? ;
test:
unary ( ( '==' | '!=' ) unary ) ? ;
unary :
'!'? value ;
value :
[0-9]+ # integer
| 'defined(' \w+ ')'
| \w+ # string identifier or value;
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
import errno
import io
from optparse import OptionParser
import os
import re
import six
import sys
from mozbuild.makeutil import Makefile
from mozpack.path import normsep
# hack around win32 mangling our line endings
if sys.platform == "win32":
import msvcrt
msvcrt.setmode(sys.stdout.fileno(), os.O_BINARY)
os.linesep = "\n"
__all__ = ["Context", "Expression", "Preprocessor", "preprocess"]
def _to_text(a):
# We end up converting a lot of different types (text_type, binary_type,
# int, etc.) to Unicode in this script. This function handles all of those
# possibilities.
if isinstance(a, (six.text_type, six.binary_type)):
return six.ensure_text(a)
return six.text_type(a)
def path_starts_with(path, prefix):
if os.altsep:
prefix = prefix.replace(os.altsep, os.sep)
path = path.replace(os.altsep, os.sep)
prefix = [os.path.normcase(p) for p in prefix.split(os.sep)]
path = [os.path.normcase(p) for p in path.split(os.sep)]
return path[: len(prefix)] == prefix
class Expression:
def __init__(self, expression_string):
"""
Create a new expression with this string.
The expression will already be parsed into an Abstract Syntax Tree.
"""
self.content = expression_string
self.offset = 0
self.__ignore_whitespace()
self.e = self.__get_logical_or()
if self.content:
raise Expression.ParseError(self)
def __get_logical_or(self):
"""
Production: and_cond ( '||' expression ) ?
"""
if not len(self.content):
return None
rv = Expression.__AST("logical_op")
# test
rv.append(self.__get_logical_and())
self.__ignore_whitespace()
if self.content[:2] != "||":
# no logical op needed, short cut to our prime element
return rv[0]
# append operator
rv.append(Expression.__ASTLeaf("op", self.content[:2]))
self.__strip(2)
self.__ignore_whitespace()
rv.append(self.__get_logical_or())
self.__ignore_whitespace()
return rv
def __get_logical_and(self):
"""
Production: test ( '&&' and_cond ) ?
"""
if not len(self.content):
return None
rv = Expression.__AST("logical_op")
# test
rv.append(self.__get_equality())
self.__ignore_whitespace()
if self.content[:2] != "&&":
# no logical op needed, short cut to our prime element
return rv[0]
# append operator
rv.append(Expression.__ASTLeaf("op", self.content[:2]))
self.__strip(2)
self.__ignore_whitespace()
rv.append(self.__get_logical_and())
self.__ignore_whitespace()
return rv
def __get_equality(self):
"""
Production: unary ( ( '==' | '!=' ) unary ) ?
"""
if not len(self.content):
return None
rv = Expression.__AST("equality")
# unary
rv.append(self.__get_unary())
self.__ignore_whitespace()
if not re.match("[=!]=", self.content):
# no equality needed, short cut to our prime unary
return rv[0]
# append operator
rv.append(Expression.__ASTLeaf("op", self.content[:2]))
self.__strip(2)
self.__ignore_whitespace()
rv.append(self.__get_unary())
self.__ignore_whitespace()
return rv
def __get_unary(self):
"""
Production: '!'? value
"""
# eat whitespace right away, too
not_ws = re.match("!\s*", self.content)
if not not_ws:
return self.__get_value()
rv = Expression.__AST("not")
self.__strip(not_ws.end())
rv.append(self.__get_value())
self.__ignore_whitespace()
return rv
def __get_value(self):
"""
Production: ( [0-9]+ | 'defined(' \w+ ')' | \w+ )
Note that the order is important, and the expression is kind-of
ambiguous as \w includes 0-9. One could make it unambiguous by
removing 0-9 from the first char of a string literal.
"""
rv = None
m = re.match("defined\s*\(\s*(\w+)\s*\)", self.content)
if m:
word_len = m.end()
rv = Expression.__ASTLeaf("defined", m.group(1))
else:
word_len = re.match("[0-9]*", self.content).end()
if word_len:
value = int(self.content[:word_len])
rv = Expression.__ASTLeaf("int", value)
else:
word_len = re.match("\w*", self.content).end()
if word_len:
rv = Expression.__ASTLeaf("string", self.content[:word_len])
else:
raise Expression.ParseError(self)
self.__strip(word_len)
self.__ignore_whitespace()
return rv
def __ignore_whitespace(self):
ws_len = re.match("\s*", self.content).end()
self.__strip(ws_len)
return
def __strip(self, length):
"""
Remove a given amount of chars from the input and update
the offset.
"""
self.content = self.content[length:]
self.offset += length
def evaluate(self, context):
"""
Evaluate the expression with the given context
"""
# Helper function to evaluate __get_equality results
def eval_equality(tok):
left = opmap[tok[0].type](tok[0])
right = opmap[tok[2].type](tok[2])
rv = left == right
if tok[1].value == "!=":
rv = not rv
return rv
# Helper function to evaluate __get_logical_and and __get_logical_or results
def eval_logical_op(tok):
left = opmap[tok[0].type](tok[0])
right = opmap[tok[2].type](tok[2])
if tok[1].value == "&&":
return left and right
elif tok[1].value == "||":
return left or right
raise Expression.ParseError(self)
# Mapping from token types to evaluator functions
# Apart from (non-)equality, all these can be simple lambda forms.
opmap = {
"logical_op": eval_logical_op,
"equality": eval_equality,
"not": lambda tok: not opmap[tok[0].type](tok[0]),
"string": lambda tok: context[tok.value],
"defined": lambda tok: tok.value in context,
"int": lambda tok: tok.value,
}
return opmap[self.e.type](self.e)
class __AST(list):
"""
Internal class implementing Abstract Syntax Tree nodes
"""
def __init__(self, type):
self.type = type
super(self.__class__, self).__init__(self)
class __ASTLeaf:
"""
Internal class implementing Abstract Syntax Tree leafs
"""
def __init__(self, type, value):
self.value = value
self.type = type
def __str__(self):
return self.value.__str__()
def __repr__(self):
return self.value.__repr__()
class ParseError(Exception):
"""
Error raised when parsing fails.
It has two members, offset and content, which give the offset of the
error and the offending content.
"""
def __init__(self, expression):
self.offset = expression.offset
self.content = expression.content[:3]
def __str__(self):
return 'Unexpected content at offset {0}, "{1}"'.format(
self.offset, self.content
)
class Context(dict):
"""
This class holds variable values by subclassing dict, and while it
truthfully reports True and False on
name in context
it returns the variable name itself on
context["name"]
to reflect the ambiguity between string literals and preprocessor
variables.
"""
def __getitem__(self, key):
if key in self:
return super(self.__class__, self).__getitem__(key)
return key
class Preprocessor:
"""
Class for preprocessing text files.
"""
class Error(RuntimeError):
def __init__(self, cpp, MSG, context):
self.file = cpp.context["FILE"]
self.line = cpp.context["LINE"]
self.key = MSG
RuntimeError.__init__(self, (self.file, self.line, self.key, context))
def __init__(self, defines=None, marker="#"):
self.context = Context()
self.context.update({"FILE": "", "LINE": 0, "DIRECTORY": os.path.abspath(".")})
try:
# Can import globally because of bootstrapping issues.
from buildconfig import topsrcdir, topobjdir
except ImportError:
# Allow this script to still work independently of a configured objdir.
topsrcdir = topobjdir = None
self.topsrcdir = topsrcdir
self.topobjdir = topobjdir
self.curdir = "."
self.actionLevel = 0
self.disableLevel = 0
# ifStates can be
# 0: hadTrue
# 1: wantsTrue
# 2: #else found
self.ifStates = []
self.checkLineNumbers = False
# A list of (filter_name, filter_function) pairs.
self.filters = []
self.cmds = {}
for cmd, level in (
("define", 0),
("undef", 0),
("if", sys.maxsize),
("ifdef", sys.maxsize),
("ifndef", sys.maxsize),
("else", 1),
("elif", 1),
("elifdef", 1),
("elifndef", 1),
("endif", sys.maxsize),
("expand", 0),
("literal", 0),
("filter", 0),
("unfilter", 0),
("include", 0),
("includesubst", 0),
("error", 0),
):
self.cmds[cmd] = (level, getattr(self, "do_" + cmd))
self.out = sys.stdout
self.setMarker(marker)
self.varsubst = re.compile("@(?P<VAR>\w+)@", re.U)
self.includes = set()
self.silenceMissingDirectiveWarnings = False
if defines:
self.context.update(defines)
def failUnused(self, file):
msg = None
if self.actionLevel == 0 and not self.silenceMissingDirectiveWarnings:
msg = "no preprocessor directives found"
elif self.actionLevel == 1:
msg = "no useful preprocessor directives found"
if msg:
class Fake(object):
pass
fake = Fake()
fake.context = {
"FILE": file,
"LINE": None,
}
raise Preprocessor.Error(fake, msg, None)
def setMarker(self, aMarker):
"""
Set the marker to be used for processing directives.
Used for handling CSS files, with pp.setMarker('%'), for example.
The given marker may be None, in which case no markers are processed.
"""
self.marker = aMarker
if aMarker:
self.instruction = re.compile(
"\s*{0}(?P<cmd>[a-z]+)(?:\s+(?P<args>.*?))?\s*$".format(aMarker)
)
self.comment = re.compile(aMarker, re.U)
else:
class NoMatch(object):
def match(self, *args):
return False
self.instruction = self.comment = NoMatch()
def setSilenceDirectiveWarnings(self, value):
"""
Sets whether missing directive warnings are silenced, according to
``value``. The default behavior of the preprocessor is to emit
such warnings.
"""
self.silenceMissingDirectiveWarnings = value
def addDefines(self, defines):
"""
Adds the specified defines to the preprocessor.
``defines`` may be a dictionary object or an iterable of key/value pairs
(as tuples or other iterables of length two)
"""
self.context.update(defines)
def clone(self):
"""
Create a clone of the current processor, including line ending
settings, marker, variable definitions, output stream.
"""
rv = Preprocessor()
rv.context.update(self.context)
rv.setMarker(self.marker)
rv.out = self.out
return rv
def processFile(self, input, output, depfile=None):
"""
Preprocesses the contents of the ``input`` stream and writes the result
to the ``output`` stream. If ``depfile`` is set, the dependencies of
``output`` file are written to ``depfile`` in Makefile format.
"""
self.out = output
self.do_include(input, False)
self.failUnused(input.name)
if depfile:
mk = Makefile()
mk.create_rule([output.name]).add_dependencies(self.includes)
mk.dump(depfile)
def computeDependencies(self, input):
"""
Reads the ``input`` stream, and computes the dependencies for that input.
"""
try:
old_out = self.out
self.out = None
self.do_include(input, False)
return self.includes
finally:
self.out = old_out
def applyFilters(self, aLine):
for f in self.filters:
aLine = f[1](aLine)
return aLine
def noteLineInfo(self):
# Record the current line and file. Called once before transitioning
# into or out of an included file and after writing each line.
self.line_info = self.context["FILE"], self.context["LINE"]
def write(self, aLine):
"""
Internal method for handling output.
"""
if not self.out:
return
next_line, next_file = self.context["LINE"], self.context["FILE"]
if self.checkLineNumbers:
expected_file, expected_line = self.line_info
expected_line += 1
if (
expected_line != next_line
or expected_file
and expected_file != next_file
):
self.out.write(
'//@line {line} "{file}"\n'.format(line=next_line, file=next_file)
)
self.noteLineInfo()
filteredLine = self.applyFilters(aLine)
if filteredLine != aLine:
self.actionLevel = 2
self.out.write(filteredLine)
def handleCommandLine(self, args, defaultToStdin=False):
"""
Parse a commandline into this parser.
Uses OptionParser internally, no args mean sys.argv[1:].
"""
def get_output_file(path, encoding=None):
if encoding is None:
encoding = "utf-8"
dir = os.path.dirname(path)
if dir:
try:
os.makedirs(dir)
except OSError as error:
if error.errno != errno.EEXIST:
raise
return io.open(path, "w", encoding=encoding, newline="\n")
p = self.getCommandLineParser()
options, args = p.parse_args(args=args)
out = self.out
depfile = None
if options.output:
out = get_output_file(options.output, options.output_encoding)
elif options.output_encoding:
raise Preprocessor.Error(
self, "--output-encoding doesn't work without --output", None
)
if defaultToStdin and len(args) == 0:
args = [sys.stdin]
if options.depend:
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "--depend doesn't work with stdin", None)
if options.depend:
if not options.output:
raise Preprocessor.Error(
self, "--depend doesn't work with stdout", None
)
depfile = get_output_file(options.depend)
if args:
for f in args:
with io.open(f, "rU", encoding="utf-8") as input:
self.processFile(input=input, output=out)
if depfile:
mk = Makefile()
mk.create_rule([six.ensure_text(options.output)]).add_dependencies(
self.includes
)
mk.dump(depfile)
depfile.close()
if options.output:
out.close()
def getCommandLineParser(self, unescapeDefines=False):
escapedValue = re.compile('".*"$')
numberValue = re.compile("\d+$")
def handleD(option, opt, value, parser):
vals = value.split("=", 1)
if len(vals) == 1:
vals.append(1)
elif unescapeDefines and escapedValue.match(vals[1]):
# strip escaped string values
vals[1] = vals[1][1:-1]
elif numberValue.match(vals[1]):
vals[1] = int(vals[1])
self.context[vals[0]] = vals[1]
def handleU(option, opt, value, parser):
del self.context[value]
def handleF(option, opt, value, parser):
self.do_filter(value)
def handleMarker(option, opt, value, parser):
self.setMarker(value)
def handleSilenceDirectiveWarnings(option, opt, value, parse):
self.setSilenceDirectiveWarnings(True)
p = OptionParser()
p.add_option(
"-D",
action="callback",
callback=handleD,
type="string",
metavar="VAR[=VAL]",
help="Define a variable",
)
p.add_option(
"-U",
action="callback",
callback=handleU,
type="string",
metavar="VAR",
help="Undefine a variable",
)
p.add_option(
"-F",
action="callback",
callback=handleF,
type="string",
metavar="FILTER",
help="Enable the specified filter",
)
p.add_option(
"-o",
"--output",
type="string",
default=None,
metavar="FILENAME",
help="Output to the specified file instead of stdout",
)
p.add_option(
"--depend",
type="string",
default=None,
metavar="FILENAME",
help="Generate dependencies in the given file",
)
p.add_option(
"--marker",
action="callback",
callback=handleMarker,
type="string",
help="Use the specified marker instead of #",
)
p.add_option(
"--silence-missing-directive-warnings",
action="callback",
callback=handleSilenceDirectiveWarnings,
help="Don't emit warnings about missing directives",
)
p.add_option(
"--output-encoding",
type="string",
default=None,
metavar="ENCODING",
help="Encoding to use for the output",
)
return p
def handleLine(self, aLine):
"""
Handle a single line of input (internal).
"""
if self.actionLevel == 0 and self.comment.match(aLine):
self.actionLevel = 1
m = self.instruction.match(aLine)
if m:
args = None
cmd = m.group("cmd")
try:
args = m.group("args")
except IndexError:
pass
if cmd not in self.cmds:
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "INVALID_CMD", aLine)
level, cmd = self.cmds[cmd]
if level >= self.disableLevel:
cmd(args)
if cmd != "literal":
self.actionLevel = 2
elif self.disableLevel == 0 and not self.comment.match(aLine):
self.write(aLine)
# Instruction handlers
# These are named do_'instruction name' and take one argument
# Variables
def do_define(self, args):
m = re.match("(?P<name>\w+)(?:\s(?P<value>.*))?", args, re.U)
if not m:
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "SYNTAX_DEF", args)
val = ""
if m.group("value"):
val = self.applyFilters(m.group("value"))
try:
val = int(val)
except Exception:
pass
self.context[m.group("name")] = val
def do_undef(self, args):
m = re.match("(?P<name>\w+)$", args, re.U)
if not m:
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "SYNTAX_DEF", args)
if args in self.context:
del self.context[args]
# Logic
def ensure_not_else(self):
if len(self.ifStates) == 0 or self.ifStates[-1] == 2:
sys.stderr.write(
"WARNING: bad nesting of #else in %s\n" % self.context["FILE"]
)
def do_if(self, args, replace=False):
if self.disableLevel and not replace:
self.disableLevel += 1
return
val = None
try:
e = Expression(args)
val = e.evaluate(self.context)
except Exception:
# XXX do real error reporting
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "SYNTAX_ERR", args)
if isinstance(val, six.text_type) or isinstance(val, six.binary_type):
# we're looking for a number value, strings are false
val = False
if not val:
self.disableLevel = 1
if replace:
if val:
self.disableLevel = 0
self.ifStates[-1] = self.disableLevel
else:
self.ifStates.append(self.disableLevel)
def do_ifdef(self, args, replace=False):
if self.disableLevel and not replace:
self.disableLevel += 1
return
if re.search("\W", args, re.U):
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "INVALID_VAR", args)
if args not in self.context:
self.disableLevel = 1
if replace:
if args in self.context:
self.disableLevel = 0
self.ifStates[-1] = self.disableLevel
else:
self.ifStates.append(self.disableLevel)
def do_ifndef(self, args, replace=False):
if self.disableLevel and not replace:
self.disableLevel += 1
return
if re.search("\W", args, re.U):
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "INVALID_VAR", args)
if args in self.context:
self.disableLevel = 1
if replace:
if args not in self.context:
self.disableLevel = 0
self.ifStates[-1] = self.disableLevel
else:
self.ifStates.append(self.disableLevel)
def do_else(self, args, ifState=2):
self.ensure_not_else()
hadTrue = self.ifStates[-1] == 0
self.ifStates[-1] = ifState # in-else
if hadTrue:
self.disableLevel = 1
return
self.disableLevel = 0
def do_elif(self, args):
if self.disableLevel == 1:
if self.ifStates[-1] == 1:
self.do_if(args, replace=True)
else:
self.do_else(None, self.ifStates[-1])
def do_elifdef(self, args):
if self.disableLevel == 1:
if self.ifStates[-1] == 1:
self.do_ifdef(args, replace=True)
else:
self.do_else(None, self.ifStates[-1])
def do_elifndef(self, args):
if self.disableLevel == 1:
if self.ifStates[-1] == 1:
self.do_ifndef(args, replace=True)
else:
self.do_else(None, self.ifStates[-1])
def do_endif(self, args):
if self.disableLevel > 0:
self.disableLevel -= 1
if self.disableLevel == 0:
self.ifStates.pop()
# output processing
def do_expand(self, args):
lst = re.split("__(\w+)__", args, re.U)
def vsubst(v):
if v in self.context:
return _to_text(self.context[v])
return ""
for i in range(1, len(lst), 2):
lst[i] = vsubst(lst[i])
lst.append("\n") # add back the newline
self.write(six.moves.reduce(lambda x, y: x + y, lst, ""))
def do_literal(self, args):
self.write(args + "\n")
def do_filter(self, args):
filters = [f for f in args.split(" ") if hasattr(self, "filter_" + f)]
if len(filters) == 0:
return
current = dict(self.filters)
for f in filters:
current[f] = getattr(self, "filter_" + f)
self.filters = [(fn, current[fn]) for fn in sorted(current.keys())]
return
def do_unfilter(self, args):
filters = args.split(" ")
current = dict(self.filters)
for f in filters:
if f in current:
del current[f]
self.filters = [(fn, current[fn]) for fn in sorted(current.keys())]
return
# Filters
#
# emptyLines: Strips blank lines from the output.
def filter_emptyLines(self, aLine):
if aLine == "\n":
return ""
return aLine
# dumbComments: Empties out lines that consists of optional whitespace
# followed by a `//`.
def filter_dumbComments(self, aLine):
return re.sub("^\s*//.*", "", aLine)
# substitution: variables wrapped in @ are replaced with their value.
def filter_substitution(self, aLine, fatal=True):
def repl(matchobj):
varname = matchobj.group("VAR")
if varname in self.context:
return _to_text(self.context[varname])
if fatal:
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "UNDEFINED_VAR", varname)
return matchobj.group(0)
return self.varsubst.sub(repl, aLine)
# attemptSubstitution: variables wrapped in @ are replaced with their
# value, or an empty string if the variable is not defined.
def filter_attemptSubstitution(self, aLine):
return self.filter_substitution(aLine, fatal=False)
# File ops
def do_include(self, args, filters=True):
"""
Preprocess a given file.
args can either be a file name, or a file-like object.
Files should be opened, and will be closed after processing.
"""
isName = isinstance(args, six.string_types)
oldCheckLineNumbers = self.checkLineNumbers
self.checkLineNumbers = False
if isName:
try:
args = _to_text(args)
if filters:
args = self.applyFilters(args)
if not os.path.isabs(args):
args = os.path.join(self.curdir, args)
args = io.open(args, "rU", encoding="utf-8")
except Preprocessor.Error:
raise
except Exception:
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "FILE_NOT_FOUND", _to_text(args))
self.checkLineNumbers = bool(
re.search("\.(js|jsm|java|webidl)(?:\.in)?$", args.name)
)
oldFile = self.context["FILE"]
oldLine = self.context["LINE"]
oldDir = self.context["DIRECTORY"]
oldCurdir = self.curdir
self.noteLineInfo()
if args.isatty():
# we're stdin, use '-' and '' for file and dir
self.context["FILE"] = "-"
self.context["DIRECTORY"] = ""
self.curdir = "."
else:
abspath = os.path.abspath(args.name)
self.curdir = os.path.dirname(abspath)
self.includes.add(six.ensure_text(abspath))
if self.topobjdir and path_starts_with(abspath, self.topobjdir):
abspath = "$OBJDIR" + normsep(abspath[len(self.topobjdir) :])
elif self.topsrcdir and path_starts_with(abspath, self.topsrcdir):
abspath = "$SRCDIR" + normsep(abspath[len(self.topsrcdir) :])
self.context["FILE"] = abspath
self.context["DIRECTORY"] = os.path.dirname(abspath)
self.context["LINE"] = 0
for l in args:
self.context["LINE"] += 1
self.handleLine(l)
if isName:
args.close()
self.context["FILE"] = oldFile
self.checkLineNumbers = oldCheckLineNumbers
self.context["LINE"] = oldLine
self.context["DIRECTORY"] = oldDir
self.curdir = oldCurdir
def do_includesubst(self, args):
args = self.filter_substitution(args)
self.do_include(args)
def do_error(self, args):
raise Preprocessor.Error(self, "Error: ", _to_text(args))
def preprocess(includes=[sys.stdin], defines={}, output=sys.stdout, marker="#"):
pp = Preprocessor(defines=defines, marker=marker)
for f in includes:
with io.open(f, "rU", encoding="utf-8") as input:
pp.processFile(input=input, output=output)
return pp.includes
# Keep this module independently executable.
if __name__ == "__main__":
pp = Preprocessor()
pp.handleCommandLine(None, True)