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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*-
* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80:
* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
* License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
* file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */
#ifndef util_Unicode_h
#define util_Unicode_h
#include "mozilla/Casting.h" // mozilla::AssertedCast
#include "jspubtd.h"
#include "util/UnicodeNonBMP.h"
namespace js {
namespace unicode {
extern const bool js_isidstart[];
extern const bool js_isident[];
extern const bool js_isspace[];
/*
* This namespace contains all the knowledge required to handle Unicode
* characters in JavaScript.
*
* SPACE
* Every character that is either in the ECMAScript class WhiteSpace
* (ES2016, § 11.2) or in LineTerminator (ES2016, § 11.3).
*
* WhiteSpace
* \u0009, \u000B, \u000C, \u0020, \u00A0 and \uFEFF
* and every other Unicode character with the General Category "Zs".
* information about General Categories and the UnicodeData.txt file.
*
* LineTerminator
* \u000A, \u000D, \u2028, \u2029
*
* UNICODE_ID_START
* These are all characters with the Unicode property «ID_Start».
*
* UNICODE_ID_CONTINUE_ONLY
* These are all characters with the Unicode property «ID_Continue» minus all
* characters with the Unicode property «ID_Start».
* And additionally <ZWNJ> and <ZWJ>. (ES2016, § 11.6)
*
* UNICODE_ID_CONTINUE
* These are all characters with the Unicode property «ID_Continue».
* And additionally <ZWNJ> and <ZWJ>. (ES2016, § 11.6)
*
* Attention: UNICODE_ID_START is _not_ IdentifierStart, but you could build
* a matcher for the real IdentifierPart like this:
*
* if char in ['$', '_']:
* return True
* if GetFlag(char) & UNICODE_ID_CONTINUE:
* return True
*
*/
namespace CharFlag {
const uint8_t SPACE = 1 << 0;
const uint8_t UNICODE_ID_START = 1 << 1;
const uint8_t UNICODE_ID_CONTINUE_ONLY = 1 << 2;
const uint8_t UNICODE_ID_CONTINUE = UNICODE_ID_START + UNICODE_ID_CONTINUE_ONLY;
} // namespace CharFlag
constexpr char16_t NO_BREAK_SPACE = 0x00A0;
constexpr char16_t MICRO_SIGN = 0x00B5;
constexpr char16_t LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_SHARP_S = 0x00DF;
constexpr char16_t LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_A_WITH_GRAVE = 0x00E0;
constexpr char16_t DIVISION_SIGN = 0x00F7;
constexpr char16_t LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_Y_WITH_DIAERESIS = 0x00FF;
constexpr char16_t LATIN_CAPITAL_LETTER_I_WITH_DOT_ABOVE = 0x0130;
constexpr char16_t COMBINING_DOT_ABOVE = 0x0307;
constexpr char16_t GREEK_CAPITAL_LETTER_SIGMA = 0x03A3;
constexpr char16_t GREEK_SMALL_LETTER_FINAL_SIGMA = 0x03C2;
constexpr char16_t GREEK_SMALL_LETTER_SIGMA = 0x03C3;
constexpr char16_t LINE_SEPARATOR = 0x2028;
constexpr char16_t PARA_SEPARATOR = 0x2029;
constexpr char16_t REPLACEMENT_CHARACTER = 0xFFFD;
const char16_t LeadSurrogateMin = 0xD800;
const char16_t LeadSurrogateMax = 0xDBFF;
const char16_t TrailSurrogateMin = 0xDC00;
const char16_t TrailSurrogateMax = 0xDFFF;
const uint32_t UTF16Max = 0xFFFF;
const uint32_t NonBMPMin = 0x10000;
const uint32_t NonBMPMax = 0x10FFFF;
class CharacterInfo {
/*
* upperCase and lowerCase normally store the delta between two
* letters. For example the lower case alpha (a) has the char code
* 97, and the upper case alpha (A) has 65. So for "a" we would
* store -32 in upperCase (97 + (-32) = 65) and 0 in lowerCase,
* because this char is already in lower case.
* Well, not -32 exactly, but (2**16 - 32) to induce
* unsigned overflow with identical mathematical behavior.
* For upper case alpha, we would store 0 in upperCase and 32 in
* lowerCase (65 + 32 = 97).
*
* We use deltas to reuse information for multiple characters. For
* example the whole lower case latin alphabet fits into one entry,
* because it's always a UnicodeLetter and upperCase contains
* -32.
*/
public:
uint16_t upperCase;
uint16_t lowerCase;
uint8_t flags;
inline bool isSpace() const { return flags & CharFlag::SPACE; }
inline bool isUnicodeIDStart() const {
return flags & CharFlag::UNICODE_ID_START;
}
inline bool isUnicodeIDContinue() const {
// Also matches <ZWNJ> and <ZWJ>!
return flags & CharFlag::UNICODE_ID_CONTINUE;
}
};
extern const uint8_t index1[];
extern const uint8_t index2[];
extern const CharacterInfo js_charinfo[];
inline const CharacterInfo& CharInfo(char16_t code) {
const size_t shift = 6;
size_t index = index1[code >> shift];
index = index2[(index << shift) + (code & ((1 << shift) - 1))];
return js_charinfo[index];
}
inline bool IsIdentifierStart(char16_t ch) {
/*
* ES2016 11.6 IdentifierStart
* $ (dollar sign)
* _ (underscore)
* or any character with the Unicode property «ID_Start».
*
* We use a lookup table for small and thus common characters for speed.
*/
if (ch < 128) {
return js_isidstart[ch];
}
return CharInfo(ch).isUnicodeIDStart();
}
inline bool IsIdentifierStartASCII(char ch) {
MOZ_ASSERT(uint8_t(ch) < 128);
return js_isidstart[uint8_t(ch)];
}
bool IsIdentifierStartNonBMP(uint32_t codePoint);
inline bool IsIdentifierStart(uint32_t codePoint) {
if (MOZ_UNLIKELY(codePoint > UTF16Max)) {
return IsIdentifierStartNonBMP(codePoint);
}
return IsIdentifierStart(char16_t(codePoint));
}
inline bool IsIdentifierPart(char16_t ch) {
/*
* ES2016 11.6 IdentifierPart
* $ (dollar sign)
* _ (underscore)
* <ZWNJ>
* <ZWJ>
* or any character with the Unicode property «ID_Continue».
*
* We use a lookup table for small and thus common characters for speed.
*/
if (ch < 128) {
return js_isident[ch];
}
return CharInfo(ch).isUnicodeIDContinue();
}
inline bool IsIdentifierPartASCII(char ch) {
MOZ_ASSERT(uint8_t(ch) < 128);
return js_isident[uint8_t(ch)];
}
bool IsIdentifierPartNonBMP(uint32_t codePoint);
inline bool IsIdentifierPart(uint32_t codePoint) {
if (MOZ_UNLIKELY(codePoint > UTF16Max)) {
return IsIdentifierPartNonBMP(codePoint);
}
return IsIdentifierPart(char16_t(codePoint));
}
inline bool IsUnicodeIDStart(char16_t ch) {
return CharInfo(ch).isUnicodeIDStart();
}
bool IsUnicodeIDStartNonBMP(uint32_t codePoint);
inline bool IsUnicodeIDStart(uint32_t codePoint) {
if (MOZ_UNLIKELY(codePoint > UTF16Max)) {
return IsIdentifierStartNonBMP(codePoint);
}
return IsUnicodeIDStart(char16_t(codePoint));
}
// IsSpace checks if a code point is included in the merged set of WhiteSpace
// and LineTerminator specified by #sec-white-space and #sec-line-terminators.
// We combine them because nearly every calling function wants this, excepting
// only some tokenizer code that necessarily handles LineTerminator specially
// due to UTF-8/UTF-16 template specialization.
inline bool IsSpace(char16_t ch) {
// ASCII code points are very common and must be handled quickly, so use a
// lookup table for them.
if (ch < 128) {
return js_isspace[ch];
}
// NO-BREAK SPACE is supposed to be the most common non-ASCII WhiteSpace code
// point, so inline its handling too.
if (ch == NO_BREAK_SPACE) {
return true;
}
return CharInfo(ch).isSpace();
}
inline bool IsSpace(JS::Latin1Char ch) {
if (ch < 128) {
return js_isspace[ch];
}
if (ch == NO_BREAK_SPACE) {
return true;
}
MOZ_ASSERT(!CharInfo(ch).isSpace());
return false;
}
inline bool IsSpace(char ch) {
return IsSpace(static_cast<JS::Latin1Char>(ch));
}
// IsSpace(char32_t) must additionally exclude everything non-BMP.
inline bool IsSpace(char32_t ch) {
if (ch < 128) {
return js_isspace[ch];
}
if (ch == NO_BREAK_SPACE) {
return true;
}
// An assertion in make_unicode.py:make_unicode_file guarantees that there are
// no Space_Separator (Zs) code points outside the BMP.
if (ch >= NonBMPMin) {
return false;
}
return CharInfo(mozilla::AssertedCast<char16_t>(ch)).isSpace();
}
/*
* Returns the simple upper case mapping (possibly the identity mapping; see
* ChangesWhenUpperCasedSpecialCasing for details) of the given UTF-16 code
* unit.
*/
inline char16_t ToUpperCase(char16_t ch) {
if (ch < 128) {
if (ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z') {
return ch - ('a' - 'A');
}
return ch;
}
const CharacterInfo& info = CharInfo(ch);
return uint16_t(ch) + info.upperCase;
}
/*
* Returns the simple lower case mapping (possibly the identity mapping; see
* ChangesWhenUpperCasedSpecialCasing for details) of the given UTF-16 code
* unit.
*/
inline char16_t ToLowerCase(char16_t ch) {
if (ch < 128) {
if (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z') {
return ch + ('a' - 'A');
}
return ch;
}
const CharacterInfo& info = CharInfo(ch);
return uint16_t(ch) + info.lowerCase;
}
extern const JS::Latin1Char latin1ToLowerCaseTable[];
/*
* Returns the simple lower case mapping (possibly the identity mapping; see
* ChangesWhenUpperCasedSpecialCasing for details) of the given Latin-1 code
* point.
*/
inline JS::Latin1Char ToLowerCase(JS::Latin1Char ch) {
return latin1ToLowerCaseTable[ch];
}
/*
* Returns the simple lower case mapping (possibly the identity mapping; see
* ChangesWhenUpperCasedSpecialCasing for details) of the given ASCII code
* point.
*/
inline char ToLowerCase(char ch) {
MOZ_ASSERT(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch) < 128);
return latin1ToLowerCaseTable[uint8_t(ch)];
}
/**
* Returns true iff ToUpperCase(ch) != ch.
*
* This function isn't guaranteed to correctly handle code points for which
* |ChangesWhenUpperCasedSpecialCasing| returns true, so it is *not* always the
* same as the value of the Changes_When_Uppercased Unicode property value for
* the code point.
*/
inline bool ChangesWhenUpperCased(char16_t ch) {
if (ch < 128) {
return ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z';
}
return CharInfo(ch).upperCase != 0;
}
/**
* Returns true iff ToUpperCase(ch) != ch.
*
* This function isn't guaranteed to correctly handle code points for which
* |ChangesWhenUpperCasedSpecialCasing| returns true, so it is *not* always the
* same as the value of the Changes_When_Uppercased Unicode property value for
* the code point.
*/
inline bool ChangesWhenUpperCased(JS::Latin1Char ch) {
if (MOZ_LIKELY(ch < 128)) {
return ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z';
}
// U+00B5 and U+00E0 to U+00FF, except U+00F7, have an uppercase form.
bool hasUpper =
ch == MICRO_SIGN || (((ch & ~0x1F) == LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_A_WITH_GRAVE) &&
ch != DIVISION_SIGN);
MOZ_ASSERT(hasUpper == ChangesWhenUpperCased(char16_t(ch)));
return hasUpper;
}
// Returns true iff ToLowerCase(ch) != ch.
inline bool ChangesWhenLowerCased(char16_t ch) {
if (ch < 128) {
return ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z';
}
return CharInfo(ch).lowerCase != 0;
}
// Returns true iff ToLowerCase(ch) != ch.
inline bool ChangesWhenLowerCased(JS::Latin1Char ch) {
return latin1ToLowerCaseTable[ch] != ch;
}
#define CHECK_RANGE(FROM, TO, LEAD, TRAIL_FROM, TRAIL_TO, DIFF) \
if (lead == LEAD && trail >= TRAIL_FROM && trail <= TRAIL_TO) return true;
inline bool ChangesWhenUpperCasedNonBMP(char16_t lead, char16_t trail) {
FOR_EACH_NON_BMP_UPPERCASE(CHECK_RANGE)
return false;
}
inline bool ChangesWhenLowerCasedNonBMP(char16_t lead, char16_t trail) {
FOR_EACH_NON_BMP_LOWERCASE(CHECK_RANGE)
return false;
}
#undef CHECK_RANGE
inline char16_t ToUpperCaseNonBMPTrail(char16_t lead, char16_t trail) {
#define CALC_TRAIL(FROM, TO, LEAD, TRAIL_FROM, TRAIL_TO, DIFF) \
if (lead == LEAD && trail >= TRAIL_FROM && trail <= TRAIL_TO) \
return trail + DIFF;
FOR_EACH_NON_BMP_UPPERCASE(CALC_TRAIL)
#undef CALL_TRAIL
return trail;
}
inline char16_t ToLowerCaseNonBMPTrail(char16_t lead, char16_t trail) {
#define CALC_TRAIL(FROM, TO, LEAD, TRAIL_FROM, TRAIL_TO, DIFF) \
if (lead == LEAD && trail >= TRAIL_FROM && trail <= TRAIL_TO) \
return trail + DIFF;
FOR_EACH_NON_BMP_LOWERCASE(CALC_TRAIL)
#undef CALL_TRAIL
return trail;
}
/*
* Returns true if, independent of language/locale, the given UTF-16 code unit
* has a special upper case mapping.
*
* Unicode defines two case mapping modes:
*
* 1. "simple case mappings" (defined in UnicodeData.txt) for one-to-one
* mappings that are always the same regardless of locale or context
* within a string (e.g. "a"→"A").
* 2. "special case mappings" (defined in SpecialCasing.txt) for mappings
* that alter string length (e.g. uppercasing "ß"→"SS") or where different
* mappings occur depending on language/locale (e.g. uppercasing "i"→"I"
* usually but "i"→"İ" in Turkish) or context within the string (e.g.
* lowercasing "Σ" U+03A3 GREEK CAPITAL LETTER SIGMA to "ς" U+03C2 GREEK
* SMALL LETTER FINAL SIGMA when the sigma appears [roughly speaking] at
* the end of a word but "ς" U+03C3 GREEK SMALL LETTER SIGMA anywhere
* else).
*
* The ChangesWhenUpperCased*() functions defined above will return true for
* code points that have simple case mappings, but they may not return the
* right result for code points that have special case mappings. To correctly
* support full case mappings for all code points, callers must determine
* whether this function returns true or false for the code point, then use
* AppendUpperCaseSpecialCasing in the former case and ToUpperCase in the
* latter.
*
* NOTE: All special upper case mappings are unconditional (that is, they don't
* depend on language/locale or context within the string) in Unicode 10.
*/
bool ChangesWhenUpperCasedSpecialCasing(char16_t ch);
/*
* Returns the length of the upper case mapping of |ch|.
*
* This function asserts if |ch| doesn't have a special upper case mapping.
*/
size_t LengthUpperCaseSpecialCasing(char16_t ch);
/*
* Appends the upper case mapping of |ch| to the given output buffer,
* starting at the provided index.
*
* This function asserts if |ch| doesn't have a special upper case mapping.
*/
void AppendUpperCaseSpecialCasing(char16_t ch, char16_t* elements,
size_t* index);
class FoldingInfo {
public:
uint16_t folding;
};
extern const uint8_t folding_index1[];
extern const uint8_t folding_index2[];
extern const FoldingInfo js_foldinfo[];
inline const FoldingInfo& CaseFoldInfo(char16_t code) {
const size_t shift = 5;
size_t index = folding_index1[code >> shift];
index = folding_index2[(index << shift) + (code & ((1 << shift) - 1))];
return js_foldinfo[index];
}
inline char16_t FoldCase(char16_t ch) {
const FoldingInfo& info = CaseFoldInfo(ch);
return uint16_t(ch) + info.folding;
}
inline bool IsSupplementary(uint32_t codePoint) {
return codePoint >= NonBMPMin && codePoint <= NonBMPMax;
}
inline bool IsLeadSurrogate(uint32_t codePoint) {
return codePoint >= LeadSurrogateMin && codePoint <= LeadSurrogateMax;
}
inline bool IsTrailSurrogate(uint32_t codePoint) {
return codePoint >= TrailSurrogateMin && codePoint <= TrailSurrogateMax;
}
/**
* True iff the given value is a UTF-16 surrogate.
*
* This function is intended for use in contexts where 32-bit values may need
* to be tested to see if they reside in the surrogate range, so it doesn't
* just take char16_t.
*/
inline bool IsSurrogate(uint32_t codePoint) {
return LeadSurrogateMin <= codePoint && codePoint <= TrailSurrogateMax;
}
inline char16_t LeadSurrogate(uint32_t codePoint) {
MOZ_ASSERT(IsSupplementary(codePoint));
return char16_t((codePoint >> 10) + (LeadSurrogateMin - (NonBMPMin >> 10)));
}
inline char16_t TrailSurrogate(uint32_t codePoint) {
MOZ_ASSERT(IsSupplementary(codePoint));
return char16_t((codePoint & 0x3FF) | TrailSurrogateMin);
}
inline void UTF16Encode(uint32_t codePoint, char16_t* lead, char16_t* trail) {
MOZ_ASSERT(IsSupplementary(codePoint));
*lead = LeadSurrogate(codePoint);
*trail = TrailSurrogate(codePoint);
}
inline void UTF16Encode(uint32_t codePoint, char16_t* elements,
unsigned* index) {
if (!IsSupplementary(codePoint)) {
elements[(*index)++] = char16_t(codePoint);
} else {
elements[(*index)++] = LeadSurrogate(codePoint);
elements[(*index)++] = TrailSurrogate(codePoint);
}
}
inline uint32_t UTF16Decode(char16_t lead, char16_t trail) {
MOZ_ASSERT(IsLeadSurrogate(lead));
MOZ_ASSERT(IsTrailSurrogate(trail));
return (lead << 10) + trail +
(NonBMPMin - (LeadSurrogateMin << 10) - TrailSurrogateMin);
}
} /* namespace unicode */
} /* namespace js */
#endif /* util_Unicode_h */