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/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
* License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
* file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */
import { AppConstants } from "resource://gre/modules/AppConstants.sys.mjs";
const lazy = {};
ChromeUtils.defineESModuleGetters(lazy, {
BrowserSearchTelemetry: "resource:///modules/BrowserSearchTelemetry.sys.mjs",
UrlbarPrefs: "resource:///modules/UrlbarPrefs.sys.mjs",
UrlbarProvidersManager: "resource:///modules/UrlbarProvidersManager.sys.mjs",
UrlbarTokenizer: "resource:///modules/UrlbarTokenizer.sys.mjs",
UrlbarUtils: "resource:///modules/UrlbarUtils.sys.mjs",
});
const TELEMETRY_1ST_RESULT = "PLACES_AUTOCOMPLETE_1ST_RESULT_TIME_MS";
const TELEMETRY_6_FIRST_RESULTS = "PLACES_AUTOCOMPLETE_6_FIRST_RESULTS_TIME_MS";
const TELEMETRY_SCALAR_ENGAGEMENT = "urlbar.engagement";
const TELEMETRY_SCALAR_ABANDONMENT = "urlbar.abandonment";
const NOTIFICATIONS = {
QUERY_STARTED: "onQueryStarted",
QUERY_RESULTS: "onQueryResults",
QUERY_RESULT_REMOVED: "onQueryResultRemoved",
QUERY_CANCELLED: "onQueryCancelled",
QUERY_FINISHED: "onQueryFinished",
VIEW_OPEN: "onViewOpen",
VIEW_CLOSE: "onViewClose",
};
/**
* The address bar controller handles queries from the address bar, obtains
* results and returns them to the UI for display.
*
* Listeners may be added to listen for the results. They may support the
* following methods which may be called when a query is run:
*
* - onQueryStarted(queryContext)
* - onQueryResults(queryContext)
* - onQueryCancelled(queryContext)
* - onQueryFinished(queryContext)
* - onQueryResultRemoved(index)
* - onViewOpen()
* - onViewClose()
*/
export class UrlbarController {
/**
* Initialises the class. The manager may be overridden here, this is for
* test purposes.
*
* @param {object} options
* The initial options for UrlbarController.
* @param {UrlbarInput} options.input
* The input this controller is operating with.
* @param {object} [options.manager]
* Optional fake providers manager to override the built-in providers manager.
* Intended for use in unit tests only.
*/
constructor(options = {}) {
if (!options.input) {
throw new Error("Missing options: input");
}
if (!options.input.window) {
throw new Error("input is missing 'window' property.");
}
if (
!options.input.window.location ||
options.input.window.location.href != AppConstants.BROWSER_CHROME_URL
) {
throw new Error("input.window should be an actual browser window.");
}
if (!("isPrivate" in options.input)) {
throw new Error("input.isPrivate must be set.");
}
this.input = options.input;
this.browserWindow = options.input.window;
this.manager = options.manager || lazy.UrlbarProvidersManager;
this._listeners = new Set();
this._userSelectionBehavior = "none";
this.engagementEvent = new TelemetryEvent(
this,
options.eventTelemetryCategory
);
ChromeUtils.defineLazyGetter(this, "logger", () =>
lazy.UrlbarUtils.getLogger({ prefix: "Controller" })
);
}
get NOTIFICATIONS() {
return NOTIFICATIONS;
}
/**
* Hooks up the controller with a view.
*
* @param {UrlbarView} view
* The UrlbarView instance associated with this controller.
*/
setView(view) {
this.view = view;
}
/**
* Takes a query context and starts the query based on the user input.
*
* @param {UrlbarQueryContext} queryContext The query details.
*/
async startQuery(queryContext) {
// Cancel any running query.
this.cancelQuery();
// Wrap the external queryContext, to track a unique object, in case
// the external consumer reuses the same context multiple times.
// This also allows to add properties without polluting the context.
// Note this can't be null-ed or deleted once a query is done, because it's
// used by #dismissSelectedResult and handleKeyNavigation, that can run after
// a query is cancelled or finished.
let contextWrapper = (this._lastQueryContextWrapper = { queryContext });
queryContext.lastResultCount = 0;
TelemetryStopwatch.start(TELEMETRY_1ST_RESULT, queryContext);
TelemetryStopwatch.start(TELEMETRY_6_FIRST_RESULTS, queryContext);
// For proper functionality we must ensure this notification is fired
// synchronously, as soon as startQuery is invoked, but after any
// notifications related to the previous query.
this.notify(NOTIFICATIONS.QUERY_STARTED, queryContext);
await this.manager.startQuery(queryContext, this);
// If the query has been cancelled, onQueryFinished was notified already.
// Note this._lastQueryContextWrapper may have changed in the meanwhile.
if (
contextWrapper === this._lastQueryContextWrapper &&
!contextWrapper.done
) {
contextWrapper.done = true;
// TODO (Bug 1549936) this is necessary to avoid leaks in PB tests.
this.manager.cancelQuery(queryContext);
this.notify(NOTIFICATIONS.QUERY_FINISHED, queryContext);
}
// Record a potential exposure if the current search string matches one of
// the registered keywords.
if (!queryContext.isPrivate) {
let searchStr = queryContext.trimmedLowerCaseSearchString;
if (lazy.UrlbarPrefs.get("potentialExposureKeywords").has(searchStr)) {
this.engagementEvent.addPotentialExposure(searchStr);
}
}
return queryContext;
}
/**
* Cancels an in-progress query. Note, queries may continue running if they
* can't be cancelled.
*/
cancelQuery() {
// If the query finished already, don't handle cancel.
if (!this._lastQueryContextWrapper || this._lastQueryContextWrapper.done) {
return;
}
this._lastQueryContextWrapper.done = true;
let { queryContext } = this._lastQueryContextWrapper;
TelemetryStopwatch.cancel(TELEMETRY_1ST_RESULT, queryContext);
TelemetryStopwatch.cancel(TELEMETRY_6_FIRST_RESULTS, queryContext);
this.manager.cancelQuery(queryContext);
this.notify(NOTIFICATIONS.QUERY_CANCELLED, queryContext);
this.notify(NOTIFICATIONS.QUERY_FINISHED, queryContext);
}
/**
* Receives results from a query.
*
* @param {UrlbarQueryContext} queryContext The query details.
*/
receiveResults(queryContext) {
if (queryContext.lastResultCount < 1 && queryContext.results.length >= 1) {
TelemetryStopwatch.finish(TELEMETRY_1ST_RESULT, queryContext);
}
if (queryContext.lastResultCount < 6 && queryContext.results.length >= 6) {
TelemetryStopwatch.finish(TELEMETRY_6_FIRST_RESULTS, queryContext);
}
if (queryContext.firstResultChanged) {
// Notify the input so it can make adjustments based on the first result.
if (this.input.onFirstResult(queryContext.results[0])) {
// The input canceled the query and started a new one.
return;
}
// The first time we receive results try to connect to the heuristic
// result.
this.speculativeConnect(
queryContext.results[0],
queryContext,
"resultsadded"
);
}
this.notify(NOTIFICATIONS.QUERY_RESULTS, queryContext);
// Update lastResultCount after notifying, so the view can use it.
queryContext.lastResultCount = queryContext.results.length;
}
/**
* Adds a listener for query actions and results.
*
* @param {object} listener The listener to add.
* @throws {TypeError} Throws if the listener is not an object.
*/
addQueryListener(listener) {
if (!listener || typeof listener != "object") {
throw new TypeError("Expected listener to be an object");
}
this._listeners.add(listener);
}
/**
* Removes a query listener.
*
* @param {object} listener The listener to add.
*/
removeQueryListener(listener) {
this._listeners.delete(listener);
}
/**
* Checks whether a keyboard event that would normally open the view should
* instead be handled natively by the input field.
* On certain platforms, the up and down keys can be used to move the caret,
* in which case we only want to open the view if the caret is at the
* start or end of the input.
*
* @param {KeyboardEvent} event
* The DOM KeyboardEvent.
* @returns {boolean}
* Returns true if the event should move the caret instead of opening the
* view.
*/
keyEventMovesCaret(event) {
if (this.view.isOpen) {
return false;
}
if (AppConstants.platform != "macosx" && AppConstants.platform != "linux") {
return false;
}
let isArrowUp = event.keyCode == KeyEvent.DOM_VK_UP;
let isArrowDown = event.keyCode == KeyEvent.DOM_VK_DOWN;
if (!isArrowUp && !isArrowDown) {
return false;
}
let start = this.input.selectionStart;
let end = this.input.selectionEnd;
if (
end != start ||
(isArrowUp && start > 0) ||
(isArrowDown && end < this.input.value.length)
) {
return true;
}
return false;
}
/**
* Receives keyboard events from the input and handles those that should
* navigate within the view or pick the currently selected item.
*
* @param {KeyboardEvent} event
* The DOM KeyboardEvent.
* @param {boolean} executeAction
* Whether the event should actually execute the associated action, or just
* be managed (at a preventDefault() level). This is used when the event
* will be deferred by the event bufferer, but preventDefault() and friends
* should still happen synchronously.
*/
handleKeyNavigation(event, executeAction = true) {
const isMac = AppConstants.platform == "macosx";
// Handle readline/emacs-style navigation bindings on Mac.
if (
isMac &&
this.view.isOpen &&
event.ctrlKey &&
(event.key == "n" || event.key == "p")
) {
if (executeAction) {
this.view.selectBy(1, { reverse: event.key == "p" });
}
event.preventDefault();
return;
}
if (this.view.isOpen && executeAction && this._lastQueryContextWrapper) {
// In native inputs on most platforms, Shift+Up/Down moves the caret to the
// start/end of the input and changes its selection, so in that case defer
// handling to the input instead of changing the view's selection.
if (
event.shiftKey &&
(event.keyCode === KeyEvent.DOM_VK_UP ||
event.keyCode === KeyEvent.DOM_VK_DOWN)
) {
return;
}
let { queryContext } = this._lastQueryContextWrapper;
let handled = this.view.oneOffSearchButtons.handleKeyDown(
event,
this.view.visibleRowCount,
this.view.allowEmptySelection,
queryContext.searchString
);
if (handled) {
return;
}
}
switch (event.keyCode) {
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_ESCAPE:
if (executeAction) {
if (this.view.isOpen) {
this.view.close();
} else {
this.input.handleRevert(true);
}
}
event.preventDefault();
break;
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_SPACE:
if (!this.view.shouldSpaceActivateSelectedElement()) {
break;
}
// Fall through, we want the SPACE key to activate this element.
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_RETURN:
this.logger.debug(`Enter pressed${executeAction ? "" : " delayed"}`);
if (executeAction) {
this.input.handleCommand(event);
}
event.preventDefault();
break;
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_TAB: {
// It's always possible to tab through results when the urlbar was
// focused with the mouse or has a search string, or when the view
// already has a selection.
// We allow tabbing without a search string when in search mode preview,
// since that means the user has interacted with the Urlbar since
// opening it.
// When there's no search string and no view selection, we want to focus
// the next toolbar item instead, for accessibility reasons.
let allowTabbingThroughResults =
this.input.focusedViaMousedown ||
this.input.searchMode?.isPreview ||
this.view.selectedElement ||
(this.input.value &&
this.input.getAttribute("pageproxystate") != "valid");
if (
// Even if the view is closed, we may be waiting results, and in
// such a case we don't want to tab out of the urlbar.
(this.view.isOpen || !executeAction) &&
!event.ctrlKey &&
!event.altKey &&
allowTabbingThroughResults
) {
if (executeAction) {
this.userSelectionBehavior = "tab";
this.view.selectBy(1, {
reverse: event.shiftKey,
userPressedTab: true,
});
}
event.preventDefault();
}
break;
}
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_PAGE_DOWN:
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_PAGE_UP:
if (event.ctrlKey) {
break;
}
// eslint-disable-next-lined no-fallthrough
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_DOWN:
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_UP:
if (event.altKey) {
break;
}
if (this.view.isOpen) {
if (executeAction) {
this.userSelectionBehavior = "arrow";
this.view.selectBy(
event.keyCode == KeyEvent.DOM_VK_PAGE_DOWN ||
event.keyCode == KeyEvent.DOM_VK_PAGE_UP
? lazy.UrlbarUtils.PAGE_UP_DOWN_DELTA
: 1,
{
reverse:
event.keyCode == KeyEvent.DOM_VK_UP ||
event.keyCode == KeyEvent.DOM_VK_PAGE_UP,
}
);
}
} else {
if (this.keyEventMovesCaret(event)) {
break;
}
if (executeAction) {
this.userSelectionBehavior = "arrow";
this.input.startQuery({
searchString: this.input.value,
event,
});
}
}
event.preventDefault();
break;
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_RIGHT:
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_END:
this.input.maybeConfirmSearchModeFromResult({
entry: "typed",
});
// Fall through.
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_LEFT:
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_HOME:
this.view.removeAccessibleFocus();
break;
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_BACK_SPACE:
if (
this.input.searchMode &&
this.input.selectionStart == 0 &&
this.input.selectionEnd == 0 &&
!event.shiftKey
) {
this.input.searchMode = null;
this.input.view.oneOffSearchButtons.selectedButton = null;
this.input.startQuery({
allowAutofill: false,
event,
});
}
// Fall through.
case KeyEvent.DOM_VK_DELETE:
if (!this.view.isOpen) {
break;
}
if (event.shiftKey) {
if (!executeAction || this.#dismissSelectedResult(event)) {
event.preventDefault();
}
} else if (executeAction) {
this.userSelectionBehavior = "none";
}
break;
}
}
/**
* Tries to initialize a speculative connection on a result.
* Speculative connections are only supported for a subset of all the results.
*
* Speculative connect to:
* - Search engine heuristic results
* - autofill results
* - http/https results
*
* @param {UrlbarResult} result The result to speculative connect to.
* @param {UrlbarQueryContext} context The queryContext
* @param {string} reason Reason for the speculative connect request.
*/
speculativeConnect(result, context, reason) {
// Never speculative connect in private contexts.
if (!this.input || context.isPrivate || !context.results.length) {
return;
}
let { url } = lazy.UrlbarUtils.getUrlFromResult(result);
if (!url) {
return;
}
switch (reason) {
case "resultsadded": {
// We should connect to an heuristic result, if it exists.
if (
(result == context.results[0] && result.heuristic) ||
result.autofill
) {
if (result.type == lazy.UrlbarUtils.RESULT_TYPE.SEARCH) {
// Speculative connect only if search suggestions are enabled.
if (
lazy.UrlbarPrefs.get("suggest.searches") &&
lazy.UrlbarPrefs.get("browser.search.suggest.enabled")
) {
let engine = Services.search.getEngineByName(
result.payload.engine
);
lazy.UrlbarUtils.setupSpeculativeConnection(
engine,
this.browserWindow
);
}
} else if (result.autofill) {
lazy.UrlbarUtils.setupSpeculativeConnection(
url,
this.browserWindow
);
}
}
return;
}
case "mousedown": {
// On mousedown, connect only to http/https urls.
if (url.startsWith("http")) {
lazy.UrlbarUtils.setupSpeculativeConnection(url, this.browserWindow);
}
return;
}
default: {
throw new Error("Invalid speculative connection reason");
}
}
}
/**
* Stores the selection behavior that the user has used to select a result.
*
* @param {"arrow"|"tab"|"none"} behavior
* The behavior the user used.
*/
set userSelectionBehavior(behavior) {
// Don't change the behavior to arrow if tab has already been recorded,
// as we want to know that the tab was used first.
if (behavior == "arrow" && this._userSelectionBehavior == "tab") {
return;
}
this._userSelectionBehavior = behavior;
}
/**
* Records details of the selected result in telemetry. We only record the
* selection behavior, type and index.
*
* @param {Event} event
* The event which triggered the result to be selected.
* @param {UrlbarResult} result
* The selected result.
*/
recordSelectedResult(event, result) {
let resultIndex = result ? result.rowIndex : -1;
let selectedResult = -1;
if (resultIndex >= 0) {
// Except for the history popup, the urlbar always has a selection. The
// first result at index 0 is the "heuristic" result that indicates what
// will happen when you press the Enter key. Treat it as no selection.
selectedResult = resultIndex > 0 || !result.heuristic ? resultIndex : -1;
}
lazy.BrowserSearchTelemetry.recordSearchSuggestionSelectionMethod(
event,
"urlbar",
selectedResult,
this._userSelectionBehavior
);
if (!result) {
return;
}
// Do not modify existing telemetry types. To add a new type:
//
// * Set telemetryType appropriately. Since telemetryType is used as the
// probe name, it must be alphanumeric with optional underscores.
// * Add a new keyed scalar probe into the urlbar.picked category for the
// newly added telemetryType.
// * Add a test named browser_UsageTelemetry_urlbar_newType.js to
// browser/modules/test/browser.
//
// The "topsite" type overrides the other ones, because it starts from a
// unique user interaction, that we want to count apart. We do this here
// rather than in telemetryTypeFromResult because other consumers, like
// events telemetry, are reporting this information separately.
let telemetryType =
result.providerName == "UrlbarProviderTopSites"
? "topsite"
: lazy.UrlbarUtils.telemetryTypeFromResult(result);
Services.telemetry.keyedScalarAdd(
`urlbar.picked.${telemetryType}`,
resultIndex,
1
);
if (this.input.searchMode && !this.input.searchMode.isPreview) {
Services.telemetry.keyedScalarAdd(
`urlbar.picked.searchmode.${this.input.searchMode.entry}`,
resultIndex,
1
);
}
}
/**
* Triggers a "dismiss" engagement for the selected result if one is selected
* and it's not the heuristic. Providers that can respond to dismissals of
* their results should implement `onLegacyEngagement()`, handle the
* dismissal, and call `controller.removeResult()`.
*
* @param {Event} event
* The event that triggered dismissal.
* @returns {boolean}
* Whether providers were notified about the engagement. Providers will not
* be notified if there is no selected result or the selected result is the
* heuristic, since the heuristic result cannot be dismissed.
*/
#dismissSelectedResult(event) {
if (!this._lastQueryContextWrapper) {
console.error("Cannot dismiss selected result, last query not present");
return false;
}
let { queryContext } = this._lastQueryContextWrapper;
let { selectedElement } = this.input.view;
if (selectedElement?.classList.contains("urlbarView-button")) {
// For results with buttons, delete them only when the main part of the
// row is selected, not a button.
return false;
}
let result = this.input.view.selectedResult;
if (!result || result.heuristic) {
return false;
}
this.engagementEvent.record(event, {
result,
selType: "dismiss",
searchString: queryContext.searchString,
});
return true;
}
/**
* Removes a result from the current query context and notifies listeners.
* Heuristic results cannot be removed.
*
* @param {UrlbarResult} result
* The result to remove.
*/
removeResult(result) {
if (!result || result.heuristic) {
return;
}
if (!this._lastQueryContextWrapper) {
console.error("Cannot remove result, last query not present");
return;
}
let { queryContext } = this._lastQueryContextWrapper;
let index = queryContext.results.indexOf(result);
if (index < 0) {
console.error("Failed to find the selected result in the results");
return;
}
queryContext.results.splice(index, 1);
this.notify(NOTIFICATIONS.QUERY_RESULT_REMOVED, index);
}
/**
* Set the query context cache.
*
* @param {UrlbarQueryContext} queryContext the object to cache.
*/
setLastQueryContextCache(queryContext) {
this._lastQueryContextWrapper = { queryContext };
}
/**
* Clear the previous query context cache.
*/
clearLastQueryContextCache() {
this._lastQueryContextWrapper = null;
}
/**
* Notifies listeners of results.
*
* @param {string} name Name of the notification.
* @param {object} params Parameters to pass with the notification.
*/
notify(name, ...params) {
for (let listener of this._listeners) {
// Can't use "in" because some tests proxify these.
if (typeof listener[name] != "undefined") {
try {
listener[name](...params);
} catch (ex) {
console.error(ex);
}
}
}
}
}
/**
* Tracks and records telemetry events for the given category, if provided,
* otherwise it's a no-op.
* It is currently designed around the "urlbar" category, even if it can
* potentially be extended to other categories.
* To record an event, invoke start() with a starting event, then either
* invoke record() with a final event, or discard() to drop the recording.
*
* @see Events.yaml
*/
class TelemetryEvent {
constructor(controller, category) {
this._controller = controller;
this._category = category;
this.#beginObservingPingPrefs();
}
/**
* Start measuring the elapsed time from a user-generated event.
* After this has been invoked, any subsequent calls to start() are ignored,
* until either record() or discard() are invoked. Thus, it is safe to keep
* invoking this on every input event as the user is typing, for example.
*
* @param {event} event A DOM event.
* @param {UrlbarQueryContext} queryContext A queryContext.
* @param {string} [searchString] Pass a search string related to the event if
* you have one. The event by itself sometimes isn't enough to
* determine the telemetry details we should record.
* @throws This should never throw, or it may break the urlbar.
*/
start(event, queryContext, searchString = null) {
if (this._startEventInfo) {
if (this._startEventInfo.interactionType == "topsites") {
// If the most recent event came from opening the results pane with an
// empty string replace the interactionType (that would be "topsites")
// with one for the current event to better measure the user flow.
this._startEventInfo.interactionType = this._getStartInteractionType(
event,
searchString
);
this._startEventInfo.searchString = searchString;
} else if (
this._startEventInfo.interactionType == "returned" &&
(!searchString ||
this._startEventInfo.searchString[0] != searchString[0])
) {
// In case of a "returned" interaction ongoing, the user may either
// continue the search, or restart with a new search string. In that case
// we want to change the interaction type to "restarted".
// Detecting all the possible ways of clearing the input would be tricky,
// thus this makes a guess by just checking the first char matches; even if
// the user backspaces a part of the string, we still count that as a
// "returned" interaction.
this._startEventInfo.interactionType = "restarted";
}
// start is invoked on a user-generated event, but we only count the first
// one. Once an engagement or abandoment happens, we clear _startEventInfo.
return;
}
if (!this._category) {
return;
}
if (!event) {
console.error("Must always provide an event");
return;
}
const validEvents = [
"click",
"command",
"drop",
"input",
"keydown",
"mousedown",
"tabswitch",
"focus",
];
if (!validEvents.includes(event.type)) {
console.error("Can't start recording from event type: ", event.type);
return;
}
this._startEventInfo = {
timeStamp: event.timeStamp || Cu.now(),
interactionType: this._getStartInteractionType(event, searchString),
searchString,
};
}
/**
* Record an engagement telemetry event.
* When the user picks a result from a search through the mouse or keyboard,
* an engagement event is recorded. If instead the user abandons a search, by
* blurring the input field, an abandonment event is recorded.
*
* On return, `details.isSessionOngoing` will be set to true if the engagement
* did not end the search session. Not all engagements end the session. The
* session remains ongoing when certain commands are picked (like dismissal)
* and results that enter search mode are picked.
*
* @param {event} [event]
* A DOM event.
* Note: event can be null, that usually happens for paste&go or drop&go.
* If there's no _startEventInfo this is a no-op.
* @param {object} details An object describing action details.
* @param {string} [details.searchString] The user's search string. Note that
* this string is not sent with telemetry data. It is only used
* locally to discern other data, such as the number of characters and
* words in the string.
* @param {string} [details.selType] type of the selected element, undefined
* for "blur". One of "unknown", "autofill", "visiturl", "bookmark",
* "help", "history", "keyword", "searchengine", "searchsuggestion",
* "switchtab", "remotetab", "extension", "oneoff", "dismiss".
* @param {UrlbarResult} [details.result] The engaged result. This should be
* set to the result related to the picked element.
* @param {DOMElement} [details.element] The picked view element.
*/
record(event, details) {
// Prevent re-entering `record()`. This can happen because
// `#internalRecord()` will notify an engagement to the provider, that may
// execute an action blurring the input field. Then both an engagement
// and an abandonment would be recorded for the same session.
// Nulling out `_startEventInfo` doesn't save us in this case, because it
// happens after `#internalRecord()`, and `isSessionOngoing` must be
// calculated inside it.
if (this.#handlingRecord) {
return;
}
// This should never throw, or it may break the urlbar.
try {
this.#handlingRecord = true;
this.#internalRecord(event, details);
} catch (ex) {
console.error("Could not record event: ", ex);
} finally {
this.#handlingRecord = false;
// Reset the start event info except for engagements that do not end the
// search session. In that case, the view stays open and further
// engagements are possible and should be recorded when they occur.
// (`details.isSessionOngoing` is not a param; rather, it's set by
// `#internalRecord()`.)
if (!details.isSessionOngoing) {
this._startEventInfo = null;
this._discarded = false;
}
}
}
#internalRecord(event, details) {
const startEventInfo = this._startEventInfo;
if (!this._category || !startEventInfo) {
return;
}
if (
!event &&
startEventInfo.interactionType != "pasted" &&
startEventInfo.interactionType != "dropped"
) {
// If no event is passed, we must be executing either paste&go or drop&go.
throw new Error("Event must be defined, unless input was pasted/dropped");
}
if (!details) {
throw new Error("Invalid event details: " + details);
}
let action;
let skipLegacyTelemetry = false;
if (!event) {
action =
startEventInfo.interactionType == "dropped" ? "drop_go" : "paste_go";
} else if (event.type == "blur") {
action = "blur";
} else if (event.type == "tabswitch") {
action = "tab_switch";
} else if (
details.element?.dataset.command &&
// The "help" selType is recognized by legacy telemetry, and `action`
// should be set to either "click" or "enter" depending on whether the
// event is a mouse event, so ignore "help" here.
details.element.dataset.command != "help"
) {
action = details.element.dataset.command;
skipLegacyTelemetry = true;
} else if (details.selType == "dismiss") {
action = "dismiss";
skipLegacyTelemetry = true;
} else if (MouseEvent.isInstance(event)) {
action = event.target.classList.contains("urlbar-go-button")
? "go_button"
: "click";
} else {
action = "enter";
}
let method =
action == "blur" || action == "tab_switch" ? "abandonment" : "engagement";
if (method == "engagement") {
// Not all engagements end the search session. The session remains ongoing
// when certain commands are picked (like dismissal) and results that
// enter search mode are picked. We should find a generalized way to
// determine this instead of listing all the cases like this.
details.isSessionOngoing = !!(
["dismiss", "inaccurate_location", "show_less_frequently"].includes(
details.selType
) || details.result?.payload.providesSearchMode
);
}
// numWords is not a perfect measurement, since it will return an incorrect
// value for languages that do not use spaces or URLs containing spaces in
// its query parameters, for example.
let { numChars, numWords, searchWords } = this._parseSearchString(
details.searchString
);
details.provider = details.result?.providerName;
details.selIndex = details.result?.rowIndex ?? -1;
let { queryContext } = this._controller._lastQueryContextWrapper || {};
this._recordSearchEngagementTelemetry(
queryContext,
method,
startEventInfo,
{
action,
numChars,
numWords,
searchWords,
provider: details.provider,
searchSource: details.searchSource,
searchMode: details.searchMode,
selectedElement: details.element,
selIndex: details.selIndex,
selType: details.selType,
}
);
if (!details.isSessionOngoing) {
this.#recordEndOfSessionTelemetry(details.searchString);
}
if (!skipLegacyTelemetry) {
Services.telemetry.scalarAdd(
method == "engagement"
? TELEMETRY_SCALAR_ENGAGEMENT
: TELEMETRY_SCALAR_ABANDONMENT,
1
);
if (
method === "engagement" &&
this._controller.view?.visibleResults?.[0]?.autofill
) {
// Record autofill impressions upon engagement.
const type = lazy.UrlbarUtils.telemetryTypeFromResult(
this._controller.view.visibleResults[0]
);
Services.telemetry.scalarAdd(`urlbar.impression.${type}`, 1);
}
}
try {
this._controller.manager.notifyEngagementChange(
method,
queryContext,
details,
this._controller
);
} catch (error) {
// We handle and report any error here to avoid hitting the record()
// handler, that would look like we didn't send telemetry at all.
console.error(error);
}
}
_recordSearchEngagementTelemetry(
queryContext,
method,
startEventInfo,
{
action,
numWords,
numChars,
provider,
reason,
searchWords,
searchSource,
searchMode,
selIndex,
selType,
}
) {
const browserWindow = this._controller.browserWindow;
let sap = "urlbar";
if (searchSource === "urlbar-handoff") {
sap = "handoff";
} else if (
browserWindow.isBlankPageURL(browserWindow.gBrowser.currentURI.spec)
) {
sap = "urlbar_newtab";
} else if (browserWindow.gBrowser.currentURI.schemeIs("moz-extension")) {
sap = "urlbar_addonpage";
}
searchMode = searchMode ?? this._controller.input.searchMode;
// Distinguish user typed search strings from persisted search terms.
const interaction = this.#getInteractionType(
method,
startEventInfo,
searchSource,
searchWords,
searchMode
);
const search_mode = this.#getSearchMode(searchMode);
const currentResults = this._controller.view?.visibleResults ?? [];
let numResults = currentResults.length;
let groups = currentResults
.map(r => lazy.UrlbarUtils.searchEngagementTelemetryGroup(r))
.join(",");
let results = currentResults
.map(r => lazy.UrlbarUtils.searchEngagementTelemetryType(r))
.join(",");
let actions = currentResults
.map((r, i) => lazy.UrlbarUtils.searchEngagementTelemetryAction(r, i))
.join(",");
const search_engine_default_id = Services.search.defaultEngine.telemetryId;
let eventInfo;
if (method === "engagement") {
let selected_result = lazy.UrlbarUtils.searchEngagementTelemetryType(
currentResults[selIndex],
selType
);
if (selType == "action") {
let actionKey = lazy.UrlbarUtils.searchEngagementTelemetryAction(
currentResults[selIndex],
selIndex
);
selected_result = `action_${actionKey}`;
}
if (selected_result === "input_field" && !this._controller.view?.isOpen) {
numResults = 0;
groups = "";
results = "";
}
eventInfo = {
sap,
interaction,
search_mode,
n_chars: numChars,
n_words: numWords,
n_results: numResults,
selected_position: selIndex + 1,
selected_result,
provider,
engagement_type:
selType === "help" || selType === "dismiss" ? selType : action,
search_engine_default_id,
groups,
results,
actions,
};
} else if (method === "abandonment") {
eventInfo = {
abandonment_type: action,
sap,
interaction,
search_mode,
n_chars: numChars,
n_words: numWords,
n_results: numResults,
search_engine_default_id,
groups,
results,
actions,
};
} else if (method === "impression") {
eventInfo = {
reason,
sap,
interaction,
search_mode,
n_chars: numChars,
n_words: numWords,
n_results: numResults,
search_engine_default_id,
groups,
results,
actions,
};
} else {
console.error(`Unknown telemetry event method: ${method}`);
return;
}
this._controller.logger.info(
`${method} event: ${JSON.stringify(eventInfo)}`
);
Glean.urlbar[method].record(eventInfo);
}
#recordEndOfSessionTelemetry(searchString) {
// exposures
if (this.#exposureResultTypes.size) {
let exposure = {
results: [...this.#exposureResultTypes].sort().join(","),
};
this._controller.logger.debug(
`exposure event: ${JSON.stringify(exposure)}`
);
Glean.urlbar.exposure.record(exposure);
this.#exposureResultTypes.clear();
}
this.#tentativeExposureResultTypes.clear();
// potential exposures
if (this.#potentialExposureKeywords.size) {
let normalizedSearchString = searchString.trim().toLowerCase();
for (let keyword of this.#potentialExposureKeywords) {
let data = {
keyword,
terminal: keyword == normalizedSearchString,
};
this._controller.logger.debug(
`potential_exposure event: ${JSON.stringify(data)}`
);
Glean.urlbar.potentialExposure.record(data);
}
GleanPings.urlbarPotentialExposure.submit();
this.#potentialExposureKeywords.clear();
}
}
/**
* Registers an exposure for a result in the current urlbar session. All
* exposures that are added during a session are recorded in an exposure event
* at the end of the session. Exposures are cleared at the end of each session
* and do not carry over to the next session.
*
* @param {UrlbarResult} result An exposure will be added for this result if
* exposures are enabled for its result type.
*/
addExposure(result) {
if (result.exposureResultType) {
this.#exposureResultTypes.add(result.exposureResultType);
}
}
/**
* Registers a tentative exposure for a result in the current urlbar session.
* Exposures that remain tentative at the end of the session are discarded and
* are not recorded in the exposure event.
*
* @param {UrlbarResult} result A tentative exposure will be added for this
* result if exposures are enabled for its result type.
*/
addTentativeExposure(result) {
if (result.exposureResultType) {
this.#tentativeExposureResultTypes.add(result.exposureResultType);
}
}
/**
* Converts all tentative exposures that were added and not yet discarded
* during the current urlbar session into actual exposures that will be
* recorded at the end of the session.
*/
acceptTentativeExposures() {
for (let type of this.#tentativeExposureResultTypes) {
this.#exposureResultTypes.add(type);
}
this.#tentativeExposureResultTypes.clear();
}
/**
* Discards all tentative exposures that were added and not yet accepted
* during the current urlbar session.
*/
discardTentativeExposures() {
this.#tentativeExposureResultTypes.clear();
}
/**
* Registers a potential exposure in the current urlbar session.
*
* @param {string} keyword
* The keyword that was matched.
*/
addPotentialExposure(keyword) {
this.#potentialExposureKeywords.add(keyword);
}
#getInteractionType(
method,
startEventInfo,
searchSource,
searchWords,
searchMode
) {
if (searchMode?.entry === "topsites_newtab") {
return "topsite_search";
}
let interaction = startEventInfo.interactionType;
if (
(interaction === "returned" || interaction === "restarted") &&
this._isRefined(new Set(searchWords), this.#previousSearchWordsSet)
) {
interaction = "refined";
}
if (searchSource === "urlbar-persisted") {
switch (interaction) {
case "returned": {
interaction = "persisted_search_terms";
break;
}
case "restarted":
case "refined": {
interaction = `persisted_search_terms_${interaction}`;
break;
}
}
}
if (
(method === "engagement" &&
lazy.UrlbarPrefs.isPersistedSearchTermsEnabled()) ||
method === "abandonment"
) {
this.#previousSearchWordsSet = new Set(searchWords);
} else if (method === "engagement") {
this.#previousSearchWordsSet = null;
}
return interaction;
}
#getSearchMode(searchMode) {
if (!searchMode) {
return "";
}
if (searchMode.engineName) {
return "search_engine";
}
const source = lazy.UrlbarUtils.LOCAL_SEARCH_MODES.find(
m => m.source == searchMode.source
)?.telemetryLabel;
return source ?? "unknown";
}
_parseSearchString(searchString) {
let numChars = searchString.length.toString();
let searchWords = searchString
.substring(0, lazy.UrlbarUtils.MAX_TEXT_LENGTH)
.trim()
.split(lazy.UrlbarTokenizer.REGEXP_SPACES)
.filter(t => t);
let numWords = searchWords.length.toString();
return {
numChars,
numWords,
searchWords,
};
}
/**
* Checks whether re-searched by modifying some of the keywords from the
* previous search. Concretely, returns true if there is intersects between
* both keywords, otherwise returns false. Also, returns false even if both
* are the same.
*
* @param {Set} currentSet The current keywords.
* @param {Set} [previousSet] The previous keywords.
* @returns {boolean} true if current searching are refined.
*/
_isRefined(currentSet, previousSet = null) {
if (!previousSet) {
return false;
}
const intersect = (setA, setB) => {
let count = 0;
for (const word of setA.values()) {
if (setB.has(word)) {
count += 1;
}
}
return count > 0 && count != setA.size;
};
return (
intersect(currentSet, previousSet) || intersect(previousSet, currentSet)
);
}
_getStartInteractionType(event, searchString) {
if (event.interactionType) {
return event.interactionType;
} else if (event.type == "input") {
return lazy.UrlbarUtils.isPasteEvent(event) ? "pasted" : "typed";
} else if (event.type == "drop") {
return "dropped";
} else if (searchString) {
return "typed";
}
return "topsites";
}
/**
* Resets the currently tracked user-generated event that was registered via
* start(), so it won't be recorded. If there's no tracked event, this is a
* no-op.
*/
discard() {
if (this._startEventInfo) {
this._startEventInfo = null;
this._discarded = true;
}
}
/**
* Extracts a telemetry type from a result and the element being interacted
* with for event telemetry.
*
* @param {object} result The element to analyze.
* @param {Element} element The element to analyze.
* @returns {string} a string type for the telemetry event.
*/
typeFromElement(result, element) {
if (!element) {
return "none";
}
if (element.dataset.command == "help") {
return result?.type == lazy.UrlbarUtils.RESULT_TYPE.TIP
? "tiphelp"
: "help";
}
if (element.dataset.command == "dismiss") {
return "block";
}
// Now handle the result.
return lazy.UrlbarUtils.telemetryTypeFromResult(result);
}
/**
* Reset the internal state. This function is used for only when testing.
*/
reset() {
this.#previousSearchWordsSet = null;
}
#PING_PREFS = {
maxRichResults: Glean.urlbar.prefMaxResults,
"quicksuggest.dataCollection.enabled":
Glean.urlbar.prefSuggestDataCollection,
"suggest.quicksuggest.nonsponsored": Glean.urlbar.prefSuggestNonsponsored,
"suggest.quicksuggest.sponsored": Glean.urlbar.prefSuggestSponsored,
"suggest.topsites": Glean.urlbar.prefSuggestTopsites,
};
#beginObservingPingPrefs() {
for (const p of Object.keys(this.#PING_PREFS)) {
this.onPrefChanged(p);
}
lazy.UrlbarPrefs.addObserver(this);
}
onPrefChanged(pref) {
const metric = this.#PING_PREFS[pref];
if (metric) {
metric.set(lazy.UrlbarPrefs.get(pref));
}
}
// Used to avoid re-entering `record()`.
#handlingRecord = false;
#previousSearchWordsSet = null;
#exposureResultTypes = new Set();
#tentativeExposureResultTypes = new Set();
#potentialExposureKeywords = new Set();
}