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Taskgraph Overview
Taskgraph builds a directed acyclic graph, where each node in the graph
represents a task, and each edge represents the dependency relationships
between them.
See Taskgraph's `graph generation documentation`_ for more details.
Decision Task
The decision task is the first task created when a new graph begins. It is
responsible for creating the rest of the task graph.
The decision task for pushes is defined in-tree, in ``.taskcluster.yml``. That
task description invokes ``mach taskcluster decision`` with some metadata about
the push. That mach command determines the required graph of tasks to submit,
then calls the Taskcluster API to create the tasks.
.. note::
``mach taskgraph decision`` is *not* meant to be invoked by humans.
Instead, follow `this guide`_ (prepending ``mach`` to all commands) to
invoke Taskgraph locally without submitting anything to Taskcluster.
.. _kinds:
Generation starts with "kinds". These are yaml files that denote groupings of
tasks that are loosely related to one another. For example, in Gecko there are
``build`` and ``test`` kinds. Each kind has its own directory under
`taskcluster/ci`_ which contains a ``kind.yml`` file.
For more information on kinds, see Taskgraph's `kind documentation`_. For a
list of available kinds in ``mozilla-central``, see the :doc:`kinds reference
Next, a "loader" is responsible for parsing each ``kind.yml`` file and turning
it into an initial set of tasks. Loaders will always parse kinds in an ordering
satisfying the ``kind-dependencies`` key.
See Taskgraph's `loader documentation`_ for more details.
.. _transforms:
After the initial set of tasks are loaded, transformations are applied to each
task. Transforms are Python functions that take a generator of tasks as input,
and yields a generator of tasks as output. Possibly modifying, adding or removing
tasks along the way.
See Taskgrpah's `transforms documentation`_ for more details on transforms, or
the :doc:`transforms section </taskcluster/transforms/index>` for information
on some of the transforms available in ``mozilla-central``.
Target Tasks
After transformation is finished, the `target_tasks`_ module filters out any
tasks that aren't applicable to the current :doc:`parameter set
After the "target graph" is generated, an optimization process looks to remove
or replace unnecessary tasks in the graph. For instance, a task may be removed
if the push doesn't modify any of the files that could affect it.
See Taskgraph's `optimization documentation`_ for more details, or the
:doc:`optimization strategies <optimization/index>` available in
Task Parameterization
A few components of tasks are only known at the very end of the decision task
-- just before the ``queue.createTask`` call is made. These are specified
using simple parameterized values, as follows:
``{"relative-datestamp": "certain number of seconds/hours/days/years"}``
Objects of this form will be replaced with an offset from the current time
just before the ``queue.createTask`` call is made. For example, an
artifact expiration might be specified as ``{"relative-datestamp": "1
``{"task-reference": "string containing <dep-name>"}``
The task definition may contain "task references" of this form. These will
be replaced during the optimization step, with the appropriate taskId for
the named dependency substituted for ``<dep-name>`` in the string.
Additionally, `decision` and `self` can be used a dependency names to refer
to the decision task, and the task itself. Multiple labels may be
substituted in a single string, and ``<<>`` can be used to escape a literal
``{"artifact-reference": "..<dep-name/artifact/name>.."}``
Similar to a ``task-reference``, but this substitutes a URL to the queue's
``getLatestArtifact`` API method (for which a GET will redirect to the
artifact itself).
.. _taskgraph-graph-config:
Graph Configuration
There are several configuration settings that are pertain to the entire
taskgraph. These are specified in :file:`config.yml` at the root of the
taskgraph configuration (typically :file:`taskcluster/ci/`). The available
settings are documented inline in `taskcluster/gecko_taskgraph/
.. _taskgraph-trust-domain:
Action Tasks
Action Tasks are tasks which perform an action based on a manual trigger (e.g
clicking a button in Treeherder). Actions are how it is possible to retrigger
or "Add New Jobs".
For more information, see Taskgraph's `actions documentation`_.
.. _target_tasks: