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/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
* License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this file,
* You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */
/* MPEG format parsing */
#include "mp3sniff.h"
/* Maximum packet size is 320 kbits/s * 144 / 32 kHz + 1 padding byte */
#define MP3_MAX_SIZE 1441
typedef struct {
int version;
int layer;
int errp;
int bitrate;
int freq;
int pad;
int priv;
int mode;
int modex;
int copyright;
int original;
int emphasis;
} mp3_header;
/* Parse the 4-byte header in p and fill in the header struct. */
static void mp3_parse(const uint8_t* p, mp3_header* header) {
const int bitrates[2][16] = {
/* MPEG version 1 layer 3 bitrates. */
{0, 32000, 40000, 48000, 56000, 64000, 80000, 96000, 112000, 128000,
160000, 192000, 224000, 256000, 320000, 0},
/* MPEG Version 2 and 2.5 layer 3 bitrates */
{0, 8000, 16000, 24000, 32000, 40000, 48000, 56000, 64000, 80000, 96000,
112000, 128000, 144000, 160000, 0}};
const int samplerates[4] = {44100, 48000, 32000, 0};
header->version = (p[1] & 0x18) >> 3;
header->layer = 4 - ((p[1] & 0x06) >> 1);
header->errp = (p[1] & 0x01);
header->bitrate = bitrates[(header->version & 1) ? 0 : 1][(p[2] & 0xf0) >> 4];
header->freq = samplerates[(p[2] & 0x0c) >> 2];
if (header->version == 2)
header->freq >>= 1;
else if (header->version == 0)
header->freq >>= 2;
header->pad = (p[2] & 0x02) >> 1;
header->priv = (p[2] & 0x01);
header->mode = (p[3] & 0xc0) >> 6;
header->modex = (p[3] & 0x30) >> 4;
header->copyright = (p[3] & 0x08) >> 3;
header->original = (p[3] & 0x04) >> 2;
header->emphasis = (p[3] & 0x03);
}
/* calculate the size of an mp3 frame from its header */
static int mp3_framesize(mp3_header* header) {
int size;
int scale;
if ((header->version & 1) == 0)
scale = 72;
else
scale = 144;
size = header->bitrate * scale / header->freq;
if (header->pad) size += 1;
return size;
}
static int is_mp3(const uint8_t* p, long length) {
/* Do we have enough room to see a 4 byte header? */
if (length < 4) return 0;
/* Do we have a sync pattern? */
if (p[0] == 0xff && (p[1] & 0xe0) == 0xe0) {
/* Do we have any illegal field values? */
if (((p[1] & 0x06) >> 1) == 0) return 0; /* No layer 4 */
if (((p[2] & 0xf0) >> 4) == 15) return 0; /* Bitrate can't be 1111 */
if (((p[2] & 0x0c) >> 2) == 3) return 0; /* Samplerate can't be 11 */
/* Looks like a header. */
if ((4 - ((p[1] & 0x06) >> 1)) != 3) return 0; /* Only want level 3 */
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Identify an ID3 tag based on its header. */
static int is_id3(const uint8_t* p, long length) {
/* Do we have enough room to see the header? */
if (length < 10) return 0;
/* Do we have a sync pattern? */
if (p[0] == 'I' && p[1] == 'D' && p[2] == '3') {
if (p[3] == 0xff || p[4] == 0xff) return 0; /* Illegal version. */
if (p[6] & 0x80 || p[7] & 0x80 || p[8] & 0x80)
return 0; /* Bad length encoding. */
/* Looks like an id3 header. */
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Calculate the size of an id3 tag structure from its header. */
static int id3_framesize(const uint8_t* p, long length) {
int size;
/* Header is 10 bytes. */
if (length < 10) {
return 0;
}
/* Frame is header plus declared size. */
size = 10 + (p[9] | (p[8] << 7) | (p[7] << 14) | (p[6] << 21));
return size;
}
int mp3_sniff(const uint8_t* buf, long length) {
mp3_header header;
const uint8_t* p;
long skip;
long avail;
p = buf;
avail = length;
while (avail >= 4) {
if (is_id3(p, avail)) {
/* Skip over any id3 tags */
skip = id3_framesize(p, avail);
p += skip;
avail -= skip;
} else if (is_mp3(p, avail)) {
mp3_parse(p, &header);
skip = mp3_framesize(&header);
if (skip < 4 || skip + 4 >= avail) {
return 0;
}
p += skip;
avail -= skip;
/* Check for a second header at the expected offset. */
if (is_mp3(p, avail)) {
/* Looks like mp3. */
return 1;
} else {
/* No second header. Not mp3. */
return 0;
}
} else {
/* No id3 tag or mp3 header. Not mp3. */
return 0;
}
}
return 0;
}