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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
* License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
* file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */
/* Implementations of various class and method modifier attributes. */
#ifndef mozilla_Attributes_h
#define mozilla_Attributes_h
#include "mozilla/Compiler.h"
/*
* MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE is a macro which expands to tell the compiler that the
* method decorated with it must be inlined, even if the compiler thinks
* otherwise. This is only a (much) stronger version of the inline hint:
* compilers are not guaranteed to respect it (although they're much more likely
* to do so).
*
* The MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE_EVEN_DEBUG macro is yet stronger. It tells the
* compiler to inline even in DEBUG builds. It should be used very rarely.
*/
#if defined(_MSC_VER)
# define MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE_EVEN_DEBUG __forceinline
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
# define MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE_EVEN_DEBUG __attribute__((always_inline)) inline
#else
# define MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE_EVEN_DEBUG inline
#endif
#if !defined(DEBUG)
# define MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE_EVEN_DEBUG
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__cplusplus)
# define MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE __inline
#else
# define MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE inline
#endif
#if defined(_MSC_VER)
/*
* g++ requires -std=c++0x or -std=gnu++0x to support C++11 functionality
* without warnings (functionality used by the macros below). These modes are
* detectable by checking whether __GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__ is defined or, more
* standardly, by checking whether __cplusplus has a C++11 or greater value.
* Current versions of g++ do not correctly set __cplusplus, so we check both
* for forward compatibility.
*/
# define MOZ_HAVE_NEVER_INLINE __declspec(noinline)
# define MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN __declspec(noreturn)
#elif defined(__clang__)
/*
* Per Clang documentation, "Note that marketing version numbers should not
* be used to check for language features, as different vendors use different
* numbering schemes. Instead, use the feature checking macros."
*/
# ifndef __has_extension
# define __has_extension \
__has_feature /* compatibility, for older versions of clang */
# endif
# if __has_attribute(noinline)
# define MOZ_HAVE_NEVER_INLINE __attribute__((noinline))
# endif
# if __has_attribute(noreturn)
# define MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN __attribute__((noreturn))
# endif
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
# define MOZ_HAVE_NEVER_INLINE __attribute__((noinline))
# define MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN __attribute__((noreturn))
# define MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN_PTR __attribute__((noreturn))
#endif
/*
* When built with clang analyzer (a.k.a scan-build), define MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN
* to mark some false positives
*/
#ifdef __clang_analyzer__
# if __has_extension(attribute_analyzer_noreturn)
# define MOZ_HAVE_ANALYZER_NORETURN __attribute__((analyzer_noreturn))
# endif
#endif
/*
* MOZ_NEVER_INLINE is a macro which expands to tell the compiler that the
* method decorated with it must never be inlined, even if the compiler would
* otherwise choose to inline the method. Compilers aren't absolutely
* guaranteed to support this, but most do.
*/
#if defined(MOZ_HAVE_NEVER_INLINE)
# define MOZ_NEVER_INLINE MOZ_HAVE_NEVER_INLINE
#else
# define MOZ_NEVER_INLINE /* no support */
#endif
/*
* MOZ_NEVER_INLINE_DEBUG is a macro which expands to MOZ_NEVER_INLINE
* in debug builds, and nothing in opt builds.
*/
#if defined(DEBUG)
# define MOZ_NEVER_INLINE_DEBUG MOZ_NEVER_INLINE
#else
# define MOZ_NEVER_INLINE_DEBUG /* don't inline in opt builds */
#endif
/*
* MOZ_NORETURN, specified at the start of a function declaration, indicates
* that the given function does not return. (The function definition does not
* need to be annotated.)
*
* MOZ_NORETURN void abort(const char* msg);
*
* This modifier permits the compiler to optimize code assuming a call to such a
* function will never return. It also enables the compiler to avoid spurious
* warnings about not initializing variables, or about any other seemingly-dodgy
* operations performed after the function returns.
*
* There are two variants. The GCC version of NORETURN may be applied to a
* function pointer, while for MSVC it may not.
*
* This modifier does not affect the corresponding function's linking behavior.
*/
#if defined(MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN)
# define MOZ_NORETURN MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN
#else
# define MOZ_NORETURN /* no support */
#endif
#if defined(MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN_PTR)
# define MOZ_NORETURN_PTR MOZ_HAVE_NORETURN_PTR
#else
# define MOZ_NORETURN_PTR /* no support */
#endif
/**
* MOZ_COLD tells the compiler that a function is "cold", meaning infrequently
* executed. This may lead it to optimize for size more aggressively than speed,
* or to allocate the body of the function in a distant part of the text segment
* to help keep it from taking up unnecessary icache when it isn't in use.
*
* Place this attribute at the very beginning of a function definition. For
* example, write
*
* MOZ_COLD int foo();
*
* or
*
* MOZ_COLD int foo() { return 42; }
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
# define MOZ_COLD __attribute__((cold))
#else
# define MOZ_COLD
#endif
/**
* MOZ_NONNULL tells the compiler that some of the arguments to a function are
* known to be non-null. The arguments are a list of 1-based argument indexes
* identifying arguments which are known to be non-null.
*
* Place this attribute at the very beginning of a function definition. For
* example, write
*
* MOZ_NONNULL(1, 2) int foo(char *p, char *q);
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
# define MOZ_NONNULL(...) __attribute__((nonnull(__VA_ARGS__)))
#else
# define MOZ_NONNULL(...)
#endif
/**
* MOZ_NONNULL_RETURN tells the compiler that the function's return value is
* guaranteed to be a non-null pointer, which may enable the compiler to
* optimize better at call sites.
*
* Place this attribute at the end of a function declaration. For example,
*
* char* foo(char *p, char *q) MOZ_NONNULL_RETURN;
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
# define MOZ_NONNULL_RETURN __attribute__((returns_nonnull))
#else
# define MOZ_NONNULL_RETURN
#endif
/*
* MOZ_PRETEND_NORETURN_FOR_STATIC_ANALYSIS, specified at the end of a function
* declaration, indicates that for the purposes of static analysis, this
* function does not return. (The function definition does not need to be
* annotated.)
*
* MOZ_ReportCrash(const char* s, const char* file, int ln)
* MOZ_PRETEND_NORETURN_FOR_STATIC_ANALYSIS
*
* Some static analyzers, like scan-build from clang, can use this information
* to eliminate false positives. From the upstream documentation of scan-build:
* "This attribute is useful for annotating assertion handlers that actually
* can return, but for the purpose of using the analyzer we want to pretend
* that such functions do not return."
*
*/
#if defined(MOZ_HAVE_ANALYZER_NORETURN)
# define MOZ_PRETEND_NORETURN_FOR_STATIC_ANALYSIS MOZ_HAVE_ANALYZER_NORETURN
#else
# define MOZ_PRETEND_NORETURN_FOR_STATIC_ANALYSIS /* no support */
#endif
/*
* MOZ_ASAN_BLACKLIST is a macro to tell AddressSanitizer (a compile-time
* instrumentation shipped with Clang and GCC) to not instrument the annotated
* function. Furthermore, it will prevent the compiler from inlining the
* function because inlining currently breaks the blacklisting mechanism of
* AddressSanitizer.
*/
#if defined(__has_feature)
# if __has_feature(address_sanitizer)
# define MOZ_HAVE_ASAN_BLACKLIST
# endif
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
# if defined(__SANITIZE_ADDRESS__)
# define MOZ_HAVE_ASAN_BLACKLIST
# endif
#endif
#if defined(MOZ_HAVE_ASAN_BLACKLIST)
# define MOZ_ASAN_BLACKLIST \
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE __attribute__((no_sanitize_address))
#else
# define MOZ_ASAN_BLACKLIST /* nothing */
#endif
/*
* MOZ_TSAN_BLACKLIST is a macro to tell ThreadSanitizer (a compile-time
* instrumentation shipped with Clang) to not instrument the annotated function.
* Furthermore, it will prevent the compiler from inlining the function because
* inlining currently breaks the blacklisting mechanism of ThreadSanitizer.
*/
#if defined(__has_feature)
# if __has_feature(thread_sanitizer)
# define MOZ_TSAN_BLACKLIST \
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE __attribute__((no_sanitize_thread))
# else
# define MOZ_TSAN_BLACKLIST /* nothing */
# endif
#else
# define MOZ_TSAN_BLACKLIST /* nothing */
#endif
#if defined(__has_attribute)
# if __has_attribute(no_sanitize)
# define MOZ_HAVE_NO_SANITIZE_ATTR
# endif
#endif
#ifdef __clang__
# ifdef MOZ_HAVE_NO_SANITIZE_ATTR
# define MOZ_HAVE_UNSIGNED_OVERFLOW_SANITIZE_ATTR
# define MOZ_HAVE_SIGNED_OVERFLOW_SANITIZE_ATTR
# endif
#endif
/*
* MOZ_NO_SANITIZE_UNSIGNED_OVERFLOW disables *un*signed integer overflow
* checking on the function it annotates, in builds configured to perform it.
* (Currently this is only Clang using -fsanitize=unsigned-integer-overflow, or
* via --enable-unsigned-overflow-sanitizer in Mozilla's build system.) It has
* no effect in other builds.
*
* Place this attribute at the very beginning of a function declaration.
*
* Unsigned integer overflow isn't *necessarily* a bug. It's well-defined in
* C/C++, and code may reasonably depend upon it. For example,
*
* MOZ_NO_SANITIZE_UNSIGNED_OVERFLOW inline bool
* IsDecimal(char aChar)
* {
* // For chars less than '0', unsigned integer underflow occurs, to a value
* // much greater than 10, so the overall test is false.
* // For chars greater than '0', no overflow occurs, and only '0' to '9'
* // pass the overall test.
* return static_cast<unsigned int>(aChar) - '0' < 10;
* }
*
* But even well-defined unsigned overflow often causes bugs when it occurs, so
* it should be restricted to functions annotated with this attribute.
*
* The compiler instrumentation to detect unsigned integer overflow has costs
* both at compile time and at runtime. Functions that are repeatedly inlined
* at compile time will also implicitly inline the necessary instrumentation,
* increasing compile time. Similarly, frequently-executed functions that
* require large amounts of instrumentation will also notice significant runtime
* slowdown to execute that instrumentation. Use this attribute to eliminate
* those costs -- but only after carefully verifying that no overflow can occur.
*/
#ifdef MOZ_HAVE_UNSIGNED_OVERFLOW_SANITIZE_ATTR
# define MOZ_NO_SANITIZE_UNSIGNED_OVERFLOW \
__attribute__((no_sanitize("unsigned-integer-overflow")))
#else
# define MOZ_NO_SANITIZE_UNSIGNED_OVERFLOW /* nothing */
#endif
/*
* MOZ_NO_SANITIZE_SIGNED_OVERFLOW disables *signed* integer overflow checking
* on the function it annotates, in builds configured to perform it. (Currently
* this is only Clang using -fsanitize=signed-integer-overflow, or via
* --enable-signed-overflow-sanitizer in Mozilla's build system. GCC support
* will probably be added in the future.) It has no effect in other builds.
*
* Place this attribute at the very beginning of a function declaration.
*
* Signed integer overflow is undefined behavior in C/C++: *anything* can happen
* when it occurs. *Maybe* wraparound behavior will occur, but maybe also the
* compiler will assume no overflow happens and will adversely optimize the rest
* of your code. Code that contains signed integer overflow needs to be fixed.
*
* The compiler instrumentation to detect signed integer overflow has costs both
* at compile time and at runtime. Functions that are repeatedly inlined at
* compile time will also implicitly inline the necessary instrumentation,
* increasing compile time. Similarly, frequently-executed functions that
* require large amounts of instrumentation will also notice significant runtime
* slowdown to execute that instrumentation. Use this attribute to eliminate
* those costs -- but only after carefully verifying that no overflow can occur.
*/
#ifdef MOZ_HAVE_SIGNED_OVERFLOW_SANITIZE_ATTR
# define MOZ_NO_SANITIZE_SIGNED_OVERFLOW \
__attribute__((no_sanitize("signed-integer-overflow")))
#else
# define MOZ_NO_SANITIZE_SIGNED_OVERFLOW /* nothing */
#endif
#undef MOZ_HAVE_NO_SANITIZE_ATTR
/**
* MOZ_ALLOCATOR tells the compiler that the function it marks returns either a
* "fresh", "pointer-free" block of memory, or nullptr. "Fresh" means that the
* block is not pointed to by any other reachable pointer in the program.
* "Pointer-free" means that the block contains no pointers to any valid object
* in the program. It may be initialized with other (non-pointer) values.
*
* Placing this attribute on appropriate functions helps GCC analyze pointer
* aliasing more accurately in their callers.
*
* GCC warns if a caller ignores the value returned by a function marked with
* MOZ_ALLOCATOR: it is hard to imagine cases where dropping the value returned
* by a function that meets the criteria above would be intentional.
*
* Place this attribute after the argument list and 'this' qualifiers of a
* function definition. For example, write
*
* void *my_allocator(size_t) MOZ_ALLOCATOR;
*
* or
*
* void *my_allocator(size_t bytes) MOZ_ALLOCATOR { ... }
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
# define MOZ_ALLOCATOR __attribute__((malloc, warn_unused_result))
# define MOZ_INFALLIBLE_ALLOCATOR \
__attribute__((malloc, warn_unused_result, returns_nonnull))
#else
# define MOZ_ALLOCATOR
# define MOZ_INFALLIBLE_ALLOCATOR
#endif
/**
* MOZ_MUST_USE tells the compiler to emit a warning if a function's
* return value is not used by the caller.
*
* Place this attribute at the very beginning of a function declaration. For
* example, write
*
* MOZ_MUST_USE int foo();
* or
* MOZ_MUST_USE int foo() { return 42; }
*
* MOZ_MUST_USE is most appropriate for functions where the return value is
* some kind of success/failure indicator -- often |nsresult|, |bool| or |int|
* -- because these functions are most commonly the ones that have missing
* checks. There are three cases of note.
*
* - Fallible functions whose return values should always be checked. For
* example, a function that opens a file should always be checked because any
* subsequent operations on the file will fail if opening it fails. Such
* functions should be given a MOZ_MUST_USE annotation.
*
* - Fallible functions whose return value need not always be checked. For
* example, a function that closes a file might not be checked because it's
* common that no further operations would be performed on the file. Such
* functions do not need a MOZ_MUST_USE annotation.
*
* - Infallible functions, i.e. ones that always return a value indicating
* success. These do not need a MOZ_MUST_USE annotation. Ideally, they would
* be converted to not return a success/failure indicator, though sometimes
* interface constraints prevent this.
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
# define MOZ_MUST_USE __attribute__((warn_unused_result))
#else
# define MOZ_MUST_USE
#endif
/**
* MOZ_MAYBE_UNUSED suppresses compiler warnings about functions that are
* never called (in this build configuration, at least).
*
* Place this attribute at the very beginning of a function declaration. For
* example, write
*
* MOZ_MAYBE_UNUSED int foo();
*
* or
*
* MOZ_MAYBE_UNUSED int foo() { return 42; }
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
# define MOZ_MAYBE_UNUSED __attribute__((__unused__))
#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
# define MOZ_MAYBE_UNUSED __pragma(warning(suppress : 4505))
#else
# define MOZ_MAYBE_UNUSED
#endif
#ifdef __cplusplus
/**
* C++11 lets unions contain members that have non-trivial special member
* functions (default/copy/move constructor, copy/move assignment operator,
* destructor) if the user defines the corresponding functions on the union.
* (Such user-defined functions must rely on external knowledge about which arm
* is active to be safe. Be extra-careful defining these functions!)
*
* MSVC unfortunately warns/errors for this bog-standard C++11 pattern. Use
* these macro-guards around such member functions to disable the warnings:
*
* union U
* {
* std::string s;
* int x;
*
* MOZ_PUSH_DISABLE_NONTRIVIAL_UNION_WARNINGS
*
* // |U| must have a user-defined default constructor because |std::string|
* // has a non-trivial default constructor.
* U() ... { ... }
*
* // |U| must have a user-defined destructor because |std::string| has a
* // non-trivial destructor.
* ~U() { ... }
*
* MOZ_POP_DISABLE_NONTRIVIAL_UNION_WARNINGS
* };
*/
# if defined(_MSC_VER)
# define MOZ_PUSH_DISABLE_NONTRIVIAL_UNION_WARNINGS \
__pragma(warning(push)) __pragma(warning(disable : 4582)) \
__pragma(warning(disable : 4583))
# define MOZ_POP_DISABLE_NONTRIVIAL_UNION_WARNINGS __pragma(warning(pop))
# else
# define MOZ_PUSH_DISABLE_NONTRIVIAL_UNION_WARNINGS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_POP_DISABLE_NONTRIVIAL_UNION_WARNINGS /* nothing */
# endif
/*
* The following macros are attributes that support the static analysis plugin
* included with Mozilla, and will be implemented (when such support is enabled)
* as C++11 attributes. Since such attributes are legal pretty much everywhere
* and have subtly different semantics depending on their placement, the
* following is a guide on where to place the attributes.
*
* Attributes that apply to a struct or class precede the name of the class:
* (Note that this is different from the placement of final for classes!)
*
* class MOZ_CLASS_ATTRIBUTE SomeClass {};
*
* Attributes that apply to functions follow the parentheses and const
* qualifiers but precede final, override and the function body:
*
* void DeclaredFunction() MOZ_FUNCTION_ATTRIBUTE;
* void SomeFunction() MOZ_FUNCTION_ATTRIBUTE {}
* void PureFunction() const MOZ_FUNCTION_ATTRIBUTE = 0;
* void OverriddenFunction() MOZ_FUNCTION_ATTIRBUTE override;
*
* Attributes that apply to variables or parameters follow the variable's name:
*
* int variable MOZ_VARIABLE_ATTRIBUTE;
*
* Attributes that apply to types follow the type name:
*
* typedef int MOZ_TYPE_ATTRIBUTE MagicInt;
* int MOZ_TYPE_ATTRIBUTE someVariable;
* int* MOZ_TYPE_ATTRIBUTE magicPtrInt;
* int MOZ_TYPE_ATTRIBUTE* ptrToMagicInt;
*
* Attributes that apply to statements precede the statement:
*
* MOZ_IF_ATTRIBUTE if (x == 0)
* MOZ_DO_ATTRIBUTE do { } while (0);
*
* Attributes that apply to labels precede the label:
*
* MOZ_LABEL_ATTRIBUTE target:
* goto target;
* MOZ_CASE_ATTRIBUTE case 5:
* MOZ_DEFAULT_ATTRIBUTE default:
*
* The static analyses that are performed by the plugin are as follows:
*
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT: Applies to functions which can run script. Callers of
* this function must also be marked as MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT, and all refcounted
* arguments must be strongly held in the caller. Note that MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT
* should only be applied to function declarations, not definitions. If you
* need to apply it to a definition (eg because both are generated by a macro)
* use MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_FOR_DEFINITION.
*
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT can be applied to XPIDL-generated declarations by
* annotating the method or attribute as [can_run_script] in the .idl file.
*
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_FOR_DEFINITION: Same as MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT, but usable on
* a definition. If the declaration is in a header file, users of that header
* file may not see the annotation.
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_BOUNDARY: Applies to functions which need to call
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT functions, but should not themselves be considered
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT. This should generally be avoided but can be used in
* two cases:
* 1) As a temporary measure to limit the scope of changes when adding
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT. Such a use must be accompanied by a follow-up bug
* to replace the MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_BOUNDARY with MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT and
* a comment linking to that bug.
* 2) If we can reason that the MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT callees of the function
* do not in fact run script (for example, because their behavior depends
* on arguments and we pass the arguments that don't allow script
* execution). Such a use must be accompanied by a comment that explains
* why it's OK to have the MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_BOUNDARY, as well as
* comments in the callee pointing out that if its behavior changes the
* caller might need adjusting. And perhaps also a followup bug to
* refactor things so the "script" and "no script" codepaths do not share
* a chokepoint.
* Importantly, any use MUST be accompanied by a comment explaining why it's
* there, and should ideally have an action plan for getting rid of the
* MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_BOUNDARY annotation.
* MOZ_MUST_OVERRIDE: Applies to all C++ member functions. All immediate
* subclasses must provide an exact override of this method; if a subclass
* does not override this method, the compiler will emit an error. This
* attribute is not limited to virtual methods, so if it is applied to a
* nonvirtual method and the subclass does not provide an equivalent
* definition, the compiler will emit an error.
* MOZ_STATIC_CLASS: Applies to all classes. Any class with this annotation is
* expected to live in static memory, so it is a compile-time error to use
* it, or an array of such objects, as the type of a variable declaration, or
* as a temporary object, or as the type of a new expression (unless
* placement new is being used). If a member of another class uses this
* class, or if another class inherits from this class, then it is considered
* to be a static class as well, although this attribute need not be provided
* in such cases.
* MOZ_STATIC_LOCAL_CLASS: Applies to all classes. Any class with this
* annotation is expected to be a static local variable, so it is
* a compile-time error to use it, or an array of such objects, or as a
* temporary object, or as the type of a new expression. If another class
* inherits from this class then it is considered to be a static local
* class as well, although this attribute need not be provided in such cases.
* It is also a compile-time error for any class with this annotation to have
* a non-trivial destructor.
* MOZ_STACK_CLASS: Applies to all classes. Any class with this annotation is
* expected to live on the stack, so it is a compile-time error to use it, or
* an array of such objects, as a global or static variable, or as the type of
* a new expression (unless placement new is being used). If a member of
* another class uses this class, or if another class inherits from this
* class, then it is considered to be a stack class as well, although this
* attribute need not be provided in such cases.
* MOZ_NONHEAP_CLASS: Applies to all classes. Any class with this annotation is
* expected to live on the stack or in static storage, so it is a compile-time
* error to use it, or an array of such objects, as the type of a new
* expression. If a member of another class uses this class, or if another
* class inherits from this class, then it is considered to be a non-heap
* class as well, although this attribute need not be provided in such cases.
* MOZ_HEAP_CLASS: Applies to all classes. Any class with this annotation is
* expected to live on the heap, so it is a compile-time error to use it, or
* an array of such objects, as the type of a variable declaration, or as a
* temporary object. If a member of another class uses this class, or if
* another class inherits from this class, then it is considered to be a heap
* class as well, although this attribute need not be provided in such cases.
* MOZ_NON_TEMPORARY_CLASS: Applies to all classes. Any class with this
* annotation is expected not to live in a temporary. If a member of another
* class uses this class or if another class inherits from this class, then it
* is considered to be a non-temporary class as well, although this attribute
* need not be provided in such cases.
* MOZ_TEMPORARY_CLASS: Applies to all classes. Any class with this annotation
* is expected to only live in a temporary. If another class inherits from
* this class, then it is considered to be a non-temporary class as well,
* although this attribute need not be provided in such cases.
* MOZ_RAII: Applies to all classes. Any class with this annotation is assumed
* to be a RAII guard, which is expected to live on the stack in an automatic
* allocation. It is prohibited from being allocated in a temporary, static
* storage, or on the heap. This is a combination of MOZ_STACK_CLASS and
* MOZ_NON_TEMPORARY_CLASS.
* MOZ_ONLY_USED_TO_AVOID_STATIC_CONSTRUCTORS: Applies to all classes that are
* intended to prevent introducing static initializers. This attribute
* currently makes it a compile-time error to instantiate these classes
* anywhere other than at the global scope, or as a static member of a class.
* In non-debug mode, it also prohibits non-trivial constructors and
* destructors.
* MOZ_TRIVIAL_CTOR_DTOR: Applies to all classes that must have both a trivial
* or constexpr constructor and a trivial destructor. Setting this attribute
* on a class makes it a compile-time error for that class to get a
* non-trivial constructor or destructor for any reason.
* MOZ_ALLOW_TEMPORARY: Applies to constructors. This indicates that using the
* constructor is allowed in temporary expressions, if it would have otherwise
* been forbidden by the type being a MOZ_NON_TEMPORARY_CLASS. Useful for
* constructors like Maybe(Nothing).
* MOZ_HEAP_ALLOCATOR: Applies to any function. This indicates that the return
* value is allocated on the heap, and will as a result check such allocations
* during MOZ_STACK_CLASS and MOZ_NONHEAP_CLASS annotation checking.
* MOZ_IMPLICIT: Applies to constructors. Implicit conversion constructors
* are disallowed by default unless they are marked as MOZ_IMPLICIT. This
* attribute must be used for constructors which intend to provide implicit
* conversions.
* MOZ_IS_REFPTR: Applies to class declarations of ref pointer to mark them as
* such for use with static-analysis.
* A ref pointer is an object wrapping a pointer and automatically taking care
* of its refcounting upon construction/destruction/transfer of ownership.
* This annotation implies MOZ_IS_SMARTPTR_TO_REFCOUNTED.
* MOZ_IS_SMARTPTR_TO_REFCOUNTED: Applies to class declarations of smart
* pointers to ref counted classes to mark them as such for use with
* static-analysis.
* MOZ_NO_ARITHMETIC_EXPR_IN_ARGUMENT: Applies to functions. Makes it a compile
* time error to pass arithmetic expressions on variables to the function.
* MOZ_OWNING_REF: Applies to declarations of pointers to reference counted
* types. This attribute tells the compiler that the raw pointer is a strong
* reference, where ownership through methods such as AddRef and Release is
* managed manually. This can make the compiler ignore these pointers when
* validating the usage of pointers otherwise.
*
* Example uses include owned pointers inside of unions, and pointers stored
* in POD types where a using a smart pointer class would make the object
* non-POD.
* MOZ_NON_OWNING_REF: Applies to declarations of pointers to reference counted
* types. This attribute tells the compiler that the raw pointer is a weak
* reference, which is ensured to be valid by a guarantee that the reference
* will be nulled before the pointer becomes invalid. This can make the
* compiler ignore these pointers when validating the usage of pointers
* otherwise.
*
* Examples include an mOwner pointer, which is nulled by the owning class's
* destructor, and is null-checked before dereferencing.
* MOZ_UNSAFE_REF: Applies to declarations of pointers to reference counted
* types. Occasionally there are non-owning references which are valid, but
* do not take the form of a MOZ_NON_OWNING_REF. Their safety may be
* dependent on the behaviour of API consumers. The string argument passed
* to this macro documents the safety conditions. This can make the compiler
* ignore these pointers when validating the usage of pointers elsewhere.
*
* Examples include an nsAtom* member which is known at compile time to point
* to a static atom which is valid throughout the lifetime of the program, or
* an API which stores a pointer, but doesn't take ownership over it, instead
* requiring the API consumer to correctly null the value before it becomes
* invalid.
*
* Use of this annotation is discouraged when a strong reference or one of
* the above two annotations can be used instead.
* MOZ_NO_ADDREF_RELEASE_ON_RETURN: Applies to function declarations. Makes it
* a compile time error to call AddRef or Release on the return value of a
* function. This is intended to be used with operator->() of our smart
* pointer classes to ensure that the refcount of an object wrapped in a
* smart pointer is not manipulated directly.
* MOZ_MUST_USE_TYPE: Applies to type declarations. Makes it a compile time
* error to not use the return value of a function which has this type. This
* is intended to be used with types which it is an error to not use.
* MOZ_NEEDS_NO_VTABLE_TYPE: Applies to template class declarations. Makes it
* a compile time error to instantiate this template with a type parameter
* which has a VTable.
* MOZ_NON_MEMMOVABLE: Applies to class declarations for types that are not safe
* to be moved in memory using memmove().
* MOZ_NEEDS_MEMMOVABLE_TYPE: Applies to template class declarations where the
* template arguments are required to be safe to move in memory using
* memmove(). Passing MOZ_NON_MEMMOVABLE types to these templates is a
* compile time error.
* MOZ_NEEDS_MEMMOVABLE_MEMBERS: Applies to class declarations where each member
* must be safe to move in memory using memmove(). MOZ_NON_MEMMOVABLE types
* used in members of these classes are compile time errors.
* MOZ_NO_DANGLING_ON_TEMPORARIES: Applies to method declarations which return
* a pointer that is freed when the destructor of the class is called. This
* prevents these methods from being called on temporaries of the class,
* reducing risks of use-after-free.
* This attribute cannot be applied to && methods.
* In some cases, adding a deleted &&-qualified overload is too restrictive as
* this method should still be callable as a non-escaping argument to another
* function. This annotation can be used in those cases.
* MOZ_INHERIT_TYPE_ANNOTATIONS_FROM_TEMPLATE_ARGS: Applies to template class
* declarations where an instance of the template should be considered, for
* static analysis purposes, to inherit any type annotations (such as
* MOZ_MUST_USE_TYPE and MOZ_STACK_CLASS) from its template arguments.
* MOZ_INIT_OUTSIDE_CTOR: Applies to class member declarations. Occasionally
* there are class members that are not initialized in the constructor,
* but logic elsewhere in the class ensures they are initialized prior to use.
* Using this attribute on a member disables the check that this member must
* be initialized in constructors via list-initialization, in the constructor
* body, or via functions called from the constructor body.
* MOZ_IS_CLASS_INIT: Applies to class method declarations. Occasionally the
* constructor doesn't initialize all of the member variables and another
* function is used to initialize the rest. This marker is used to make the
* static analysis tool aware that the marked function is part of the
* initialization process and to include the marked function in the scan
* mechanism that determines which member variables still remain
* uninitialized.
* MOZ_NON_PARAM: Applies to types. Makes it compile time error to use the type
* in parameter without pointer or reference.
* MOZ_NON_AUTOABLE: Applies to class declarations. Makes it a compile time
* error to use `auto` in place of this type in variable declarations. This
* is intended to be used with types which are intended to be implicitly
* constructed into other other types before being assigned to variables.
* MOZ_REQUIRED_BASE_METHOD: Applies to virtual class method declarations.
* Sometimes derived classes override methods that need to be called by their
* overridden counterparts. This marker indicates that the marked method must
* be called by the method that it overrides.
* MOZ_MUST_RETURN_FROM_CALLER_IF_THIS_IS_ARG: Applies to method declarations.
* Callers of the annotated method must return from that function within the
* calling block using an explicit `return` statement if the "this" value for
* the call is a parameter of the caller. Only calls to Constructors,
* references to local and member variables, and calls to functions or methods
* marked as MOZ_MAY_CALL_AFTER_MUST_RETURN may be made after the
* MOZ_MUST_RETURN_FROM_CALLER_IF_THIS_IS_ARG call.
* MOZ_MAY_CALL_AFTER_MUST_RETURN: Applies to function or method declarations.
* Calls to these methods may be made in functions after calls a
* MOZ_MUST_RETURN_FROM_CALLER_IF_THIS_IS_ARG method.
*/
// gcc emits a nuisance warning -Wignored-attributes because attributes do not
// affect mangled names, and therefore template arguments do not propagate
// their attributes. It is rare that this would affect anything in practice,
// and most compilers are silent about it. Similarly, -Wattributes complains
// about attributes being ignored during template instantiation.
//
// Be conservative and only suppress the warning when running in a
// configuration where it would be emitted, namely when compiling with the
// XGILL_PLUGIN for the rooting hazard analysis (which runs under gcc.) If we
// end up wanting these attributes in general GCC builds, change this to
// something like
//
// #if defined(__GNUC__) && ! defined(__clang__)
//
# ifdef XGILL_PLUGIN
# pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wignored-attributes"
# pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wattributes"
# endif
# if defined(MOZ_CLANG_PLUGIN) || defined(XGILL_PLUGIN)
# define MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT __attribute__((annotate("moz_can_run_script")))
# define MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_FOR_DEFINITION \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_can_run_script")))
# define MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_BOUNDARY \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_can_run_script_boundary")))
# define MOZ_MUST_OVERRIDE __attribute__((annotate("moz_must_override")))
# define MOZ_STATIC_CLASS __attribute__((annotate("moz_global_class")))
# define MOZ_STATIC_LOCAL_CLASS \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_static_local_class"))) \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_trivial_dtor")))
# define MOZ_STACK_CLASS __attribute__((annotate("moz_stack_class")))
# define MOZ_NONHEAP_CLASS __attribute__((annotate("moz_nonheap_class")))
# define MOZ_HEAP_CLASS __attribute__((annotate("moz_heap_class")))
# define MOZ_NON_TEMPORARY_CLASS \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_non_temporary_class")))
# define MOZ_TEMPORARY_CLASS __attribute__((annotate("moz_temporary_class")))
# define MOZ_TRIVIAL_CTOR_DTOR \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_trivial_ctor_dtor")))
# define MOZ_ALLOW_TEMPORARY __attribute__((annotate("moz_allow_temporary")))
# ifdef DEBUG
/* in debug builds, these classes do have non-trivial constructors. */
# define MOZ_ONLY_USED_TO_AVOID_STATIC_CONSTRUCTORS \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_global_class")))
# else
# define MOZ_ONLY_USED_TO_AVOID_STATIC_CONSTRUCTORS \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_global_class"))) MOZ_TRIVIAL_CTOR_DTOR
# endif
# define MOZ_IMPLICIT __attribute__((annotate("moz_implicit")))
# define MOZ_IS_SMARTPTR_TO_REFCOUNTED \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_is_smartptr_to_refcounted")))
# define MOZ_IS_REFPTR MOZ_IS_SMARTPTR_TO_REFCOUNTED
# define MOZ_NO_ARITHMETIC_EXPR_IN_ARGUMENT \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_no_arith_expr_in_arg")))
# define MOZ_OWNING_REF
# define MOZ_NON_OWNING_REF
# define MOZ_UNSAFE_REF(reason)
# define MOZ_NO_ADDREF_RELEASE_ON_RETURN \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_no_addref_release_on_return")))
# define MOZ_MUST_USE_TYPE __attribute__((annotate("moz_must_use_type")))
# define MOZ_NEEDS_NO_VTABLE_TYPE \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_needs_no_vtable_type")))
# define MOZ_NON_MEMMOVABLE __attribute__((annotate("moz_non_memmovable")))
# define MOZ_NEEDS_MEMMOVABLE_TYPE \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_needs_memmovable_type")))
# define MOZ_NEEDS_MEMMOVABLE_MEMBERS \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_needs_memmovable_members")))
# define MOZ_NO_DANGLING_ON_TEMPORARIES \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_no_dangling_on_temporaries")))
# define MOZ_INHERIT_TYPE_ANNOTATIONS_FROM_TEMPLATE_ARGS \
__attribute__( \
(annotate("moz_inherit_type_annotations_from_template_args")))
# define MOZ_NON_AUTOABLE __attribute__((annotate("moz_non_autoable")))
# define MOZ_INIT_OUTSIDE_CTOR
# define MOZ_IS_CLASS_INIT
# define MOZ_NON_PARAM __attribute__((annotate("moz_non_param")))
# define MOZ_REQUIRED_BASE_METHOD \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_required_base_method")))
# define MOZ_MUST_RETURN_FROM_CALLER_IF_THIS_IS_ARG \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_must_return_from_caller_if_this_is_arg")))
# define MOZ_MAY_CALL_AFTER_MUST_RETURN \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_may_call_after_must_return")))
/*
* It turns out that clang doesn't like void func() __attribute__ {} without a
* warning, so use pragmas to disable the warning.
*/
# ifdef __clang__
# define MOZ_HEAP_ALLOCATOR \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic push") \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wgcc-compat\"") \
__attribute__((annotate("moz_heap_allocator"))) \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic pop")
# else
# define MOZ_HEAP_ALLOCATOR __attribute__((annotate("moz_heap_allocator")))
# endif
# else
# define MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT /* nothing */
# define MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_FOR_DEFINITION /* nothing */
# define MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_BOUNDARY /* nothing */
# define MOZ_MUST_OVERRIDE /* nothing */
# define MOZ_STATIC_CLASS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_STATIC_LOCAL_CLASS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_STACK_CLASS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NONHEAP_CLASS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_HEAP_CLASS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NON_TEMPORARY_CLASS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_TEMPORARY_CLASS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_TRIVIAL_CTOR_DTOR /* nothing */
# define MOZ_ALLOW_TEMPORARY /* nothing */
# define MOZ_ONLY_USED_TO_AVOID_STATIC_CONSTRUCTORS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_IMPLICIT /* nothing */
# define MOZ_IS_SMARTPTR_TO_REFCOUNTED /* nothing */
# define MOZ_IS_REFPTR /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NO_ARITHMETIC_EXPR_IN_ARGUMENT /* nothing */
# define MOZ_HEAP_ALLOCATOR /* nothing */
# define MOZ_OWNING_REF /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NON_OWNING_REF /* nothing */
# define MOZ_UNSAFE_REF(reason) /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NO_ADDREF_RELEASE_ON_RETURN /* nothing */
# define MOZ_MUST_USE_TYPE /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NEEDS_NO_VTABLE_TYPE /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NON_MEMMOVABLE /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NEEDS_MEMMOVABLE_TYPE /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NEEDS_MEMMOVABLE_MEMBERS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NO_DANGLING_ON_TEMPORARIES /* nothing */
# define MOZ_INHERIT_TYPE_ANNOTATIONS_FROM_TEMPLATE_ARGS /* nothing */
# define MOZ_INIT_OUTSIDE_CTOR /* nothing */
# define MOZ_IS_CLASS_INIT /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NON_PARAM /* nothing */
# define MOZ_NON_AUTOABLE /* nothing */
# define MOZ_REQUIRED_BASE_METHOD /* nothing */
# define MOZ_MUST_RETURN_FROM_CALLER_IF_THIS_IS_ARG /* nothing */
# define MOZ_MAY_CALL_AFTER_MUST_RETURN /* nothing */
# endif /* defined(MOZ_CLANG_PLUGIN) || defined(XGILL_PLUGIN) */
# define MOZ_RAII MOZ_NON_TEMPORARY_CLASS MOZ_STACK_CLASS
// gcc has different rules governing attribute placement. Since none of these
// attributes are actually used by the gcc-based static analysis, just
// eliminate them rather than updating all of the code.
# ifdef XGILL_PLUGIN
# undef MOZ_MUST_OVERRIDE
# define MOZ_MUST_OVERRIDE /* nothing */
# undef MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_FOR_DEFINITION
# define MOZ_CAN_RUN_SCRIPT_FOR_DEFINITION /* nothing */
# endif
#endif /* __cplusplus */
/**
* Printf style formats. MOZ_FORMAT_PRINTF can be used to annotate a
* function or method that is "printf-like"; this will let (some)
* compilers check that the arguments match the template string.
*
* This macro takes two arguments. The first argument is the argument
* number of the template string. The second argument is the argument
* number of the '...' argument holding the arguments.
*
* Argument numbers start at 1. Note that the implicit "this"
* argument of a non-static member function counts as an argument.
*
* So, for a simple case like:
* void print_something (int whatever, const char *fmt, ...);
* The corresponding annotation would be
* MOZ_FORMAT_PRINTF(2, 3)
* However, if "print_something" were a non-static member function,
* then the annotation would be:
* MOZ_FORMAT_PRINTF(3, 4)
*
* The second argument should be 0 for vprintf-like functions; that
* is, those taking a va_list argument.
*
* Note that the checking is limited to standards-conforming
* printf-likes, and in particular this should not be used for
* PR_snprintf and friends, which are "printf-like" but which assign
* different meanings to the various formats.
*
* MinGW requires special handling due to different format specifiers
* on different platforms. The macro __MINGW_PRINTF_FORMAT maps to
* either gnu_printf or ms_printf depending on where we are compiling
* to avoid warnings on format specifiers that are legal.
*/
#ifdef __MINGW32__
# define MOZ_FORMAT_PRINTF(stringIndex, firstToCheck) \
__attribute__((format(__MINGW_PRINTF_FORMAT, stringIndex, firstToCheck)))
#elif __GNUC__
# define MOZ_FORMAT_PRINTF(stringIndex, firstToCheck) \
__attribute__((format(printf, stringIndex, firstToCheck)))
#else
# define MOZ_FORMAT_PRINTF(stringIndex, firstToCheck)
#endif
/**
* To manually declare an XPCOM ABI-compatible virtual function, the following
* macros can be used to handle the non-standard ABI used on Windows for COM
* compatibility. E.g.:
*
* virtual ReturnType MOZ_XPCOM_ABI foo();
*/
#if defined(XP_WIN)
# define MOZ_XPCOM_ABI __stdcall
#else
# define MOZ_XPCOM_ABI
#endif
#endif /* mozilla_Attributes_h */