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/*
 * Copyright 2015, Mozilla Foundation and contributors
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

#include "ClearKeyDecryptionManager.h"

#include "psshparser/PsshParser.h"

#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>

#include "mozilla/CheckedInt.h"

using namespace cdm;

bool AllZero(const std::vector<uint32_t>& aBytes)
{
  return all_of(aBytes.begin(), aBytes.end(), [](uint32_t b) { return b == 0; });
}

class ClearKeyDecryptor : public RefCounted
{
public:
  ClearKeyDecryptor();

  void InitKey(const Key& aKey);
  bool HasKey() const { return !mKey.empty(); }

  Status Decrypt(uint8_t* aBuffer, uint32_t aBufferSize,
                 const CryptoMetaData& aMetadata);

  const Key& DecryptionKey() const { return mKey; }

private:
  ~ClearKeyDecryptor();

  Key mKey;
};


/* static */ ClearKeyDecryptionManager*
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::sInstance = nullptr;

/* static */ ClearKeyDecryptionManager*
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::Get()
{
  if (!sInstance) {
    sInstance = new ClearKeyDecryptionManager();
  }
  return sInstance;
}

ClearKeyDecryptionManager::ClearKeyDecryptionManager()
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::ClearKeyDecryptionManager");
}

ClearKeyDecryptionManager::~ClearKeyDecryptionManager()
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::~ClearKeyDecryptionManager");

  sInstance = nullptr;

  for (auto it = mDecryptors.begin(); it != mDecryptors.end(); it++) {
    it->second->Release();
  }
  mDecryptors.clear();
}

bool
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::HasSeenKeyId(const KeyId& aKeyId) const
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::SeenKeyId %s",
          mDecryptors.find(aKeyId) != mDecryptors.end() ? "t" : "f");
  return mDecryptors.find(aKeyId) != mDecryptors.end();
}

bool
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::IsExpectingKeyForKeyId(const KeyId& aKeyId) const
{
  CK_LOGARRAY("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::IsExpectingKeyForId ",
              aKeyId.data(),
              aKeyId.size());
  const auto& decryptor = mDecryptors.find(aKeyId);
  return decryptor != mDecryptors.end() && !decryptor->second->HasKey();
}

bool
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::HasKeyForKeyId(const KeyId& aKeyId) const
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::HasKeyForKeyId");
  const auto& decryptor = mDecryptors.find(aKeyId);
  return decryptor != mDecryptors.end() && decryptor->second->HasKey();
}

const Key&
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::GetDecryptionKey(const KeyId& aKeyId)
{
  assert(HasKeyForKeyId(aKeyId));
  return mDecryptors[aKeyId]->DecryptionKey();
}

void
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::InitKey(KeyId aKeyId, Key aKey)
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::InitKey ",
          aKeyId.data(),
          aKeyId.size());
  if (IsExpectingKeyForKeyId(aKeyId)) {
    CK_LOGARRAY("Initialized Key ", aKeyId.data(), aKeyId.size());
    mDecryptors[aKeyId]->InitKey(aKey);
  } else {
    CK_LOGARRAY("Failed to initialize key ", aKeyId.data(), aKeyId.size());
  }
}

void
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::ExpectKeyId(KeyId aKeyId)
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::ExpectKeyId ",
          aKeyId.data(),
          aKeyId.size());
  if (!HasSeenKeyId(aKeyId)) {
    mDecryptors[aKeyId] = new ClearKeyDecryptor();
  }
  mDecryptors[aKeyId]->AddRef();
}

void
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::ReleaseKeyId(KeyId aKeyId)
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::ReleaseKeyId");
  assert(HasSeenKeyId(aKeyId));

  ClearKeyDecryptor* decryptor = mDecryptors[aKeyId];
  if (!decryptor->Release()) {
    mDecryptors.erase(aKeyId);
  }
}

Status
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::Decrypt(std::vector<uint8_t>& aBuffer,
                                   const CryptoMetaData& aMetadata)
{
  return Decrypt(&aBuffer[0], aBuffer.size(), aMetadata);
}

Status
ClearKeyDecryptionManager::Decrypt(uint8_t* aBuffer, uint32_t aBufferSize,
                                   const CryptoMetaData& aMetadata)
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptionManager::Decrypt");
  if (!HasKeyForKeyId(aMetadata.mKeyId)) {
    CK_LOGARRAY("Unable to find decryptor for keyId: ",
                aMetadata.mKeyId.data(),
                aMetadata.mKeyId.size());
    return Status::kNoKey;
  }

  CK_LOGARRAY("Found decryptor for keyId: ",
              aMetadata.mKeyId.data(),
              aMetadata.mKeyId.size());
  return mDecryptors[aMetadata.mKeyId]->Decrypt(aBuffer,
                                                aBufferSize,
                                                aMetadata);
}

ClearKeyDecryptor::ClearKeyDecryptor()
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptor ctor");
}

ClearKeyDecryptor::~ClearKeyDecryptor()
{
  if (HasKey()) {
    CK_LOGARRAY("ClearKeyDecryptor dtor; key = ",
                mKey.data(),
                mKey.size());
  } else {
    CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptor dtor");
  }
}

void
ClearKeyDecryptor::InitKey(const Key& aKey)
{
  mKey = aKey;
}

Status
ClearKeyDecryptor::Decrypt(uint8_t* aBuffer, uint32_t aBufferSize,
                           const CryptoMetaData& aMetadata)
{
  CK_LOGD("ClearKeyDecryptor::Decrypt");
  // If the sample is split up into multiple encrypted subsamples, we need to
  // stitch them into one continuous buffer for decryption.
  std::vector<uint8_t> tmp(aBufferSize);

  if (aMetadata.NumSubsamples()) {
    // Take all encrypted parts of subsamples and stitch them into one
    // continuous encrypted buffer.
    static_assert(sizeof(uintptr_t) == sizeof(uint8_t*),
                  "We need uintptr_t to be exactly the same size as a pointer");
    mozilla::CheckedInt<uintptr_t> data = reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(aBuffer);
    const uintptr_t endBuffer =
      reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(aBuffer + aBufferSize);
    uint8_t* iter = &tmp[0];
    for (size_t i = 0; i < aMetadata.NumSubsamples(); i++) {
      data += aMetadata.mClearBytes[i];
      if (!data.isValid() || data.value() > endBuffer) {
        // Trying to read past the end of the buffer!
        return Status::kDecryptError;
      }
      const uint32_t& cipherBytes = aMetadata.mCipherBytes[i];
      mozilla::CheckedInt<uintptr_t> dataAfterCipher = data + cipherBytes;
      if (!dataAfterCipher.isValid() || dataAfterCipher.value() > endBuffer) {
        // Trying to read past the end of the buffer!
        return Status::kDecryptError;
      }

      memcpy(iter, reinterpret_cast<uint8_t*>(data.value()), cipherBytes);

      data = dataAfterCipher;
      iter += cipherBytes;
    }

    tmp.resize((size_t)(iter - &tmp[0]));
  } else {
    memcpy(&tmp[0], aBuffer, aBufferSize);
  }

  // It is possible that we could be passed an unencrypted sample, if all
  // encrypted sample lengths are zero, and in this case, a zero length
  // IV is allowed.
  assert(aMetadata.mIV.size() == 8 \
         || aMetadata.mIV.size() == 16 \
         || (aMetadata.mIV.size() == 0 && AllZero(aMetadata.mCipherBytes)));

  std::vector<uint8_t> iv(aMetadata.mIV);
  iv.insert(iv.end(), CENC_KEY_LEN - aMetadata.mIV.size(), 0);

  ClearKeyUtils::DecryptAES(mKey, tmp, iv);

  if (aMetadata.NumSubsamples()) {
    // Take the decrypted buffer, split up into subsamples, and insert those
    // subsamples back into their original position in the original buffer.
    uint8_t* data = aBuffer;
    uint8_t* iter = &tmp[0];
    for (size_t i = 0; i < aMetadata.NumSubsamples(); i++) {
      data += aMetadata.mClearBytes[i];
      uint32_t cipherBytes = aMetadata.mCipherBytes[i];

      memcpy(data, iter, cipherBytes);

      data += cipherBytes;
      iter += cipherBytes;
    }
  } else {
    memcpy(aBuffer, &tmp[0], aBufferSize);
  }

  return Status::kSuccess;
}